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Browse By Jel Classification


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Showing jel classifications 82 of 978

L0 - General

L00

L1 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance

L10 - General

L11 - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure • Size Distribution of Firms

L12 - Monopoly • Monopolization Strategies

L13 - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

L14 - Transactional Relationships • Contracts and Reputation • Networks

L15 - Information and Product Quality • Standardization and Compatibility

L16 - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics: Industrial Structure and Structural Change • Industrial Price Indices

L17 - Open Source Products and Markets

L19 - Other

L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior

L20 - General

L21 - Business Objectives of the Firm

L22 - Firm Organization and Market Structure

L23 - Organization of Production

L24 - Contracting Out • Joint Ventures • Technology Licensing

L25 - Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope

L26 - Entrepreneurship

L29 - Other

L3 - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise

L30 - General

L31 - Nonprofit Institutions • NGOs • Social Entrepreneurship

L32 - Public Enterprises • Public-Private Enterprises

L33 - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprises and Nonprofit Institutions • Privatization • Contracting Out

L38 - Public Policy

L39 - Other

L4 - Antitrust Issues and Policies

L40 - General

L41 - Monopolization • Horizontal Anticompetitive Practices

L42 - Vertical Restraints • Resale Price Maintenance • Quantity Discounts

L43 - Legal Monopolies and Regulation or Deregulation

L44 - Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprises, Nonprofit Institutions, and Professional Organizations

L49 - Other

L5 - Regulation and Industrial Policy

L50 - General

L51 - Economics of Regulation

L52 - Industrial Policy • Sectoral Planning Methods

L53 - Enterprise Policy

L59 - Other

L6 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing

L60 - General

L61 - Metals and Metal Products • Cement • Glass • Ceramics

L62 - Automobiles • Other Transportation Equipment • Related Parts and Equipment

L63 - Microelectronics • Computers • Communications Equipment

L64 - Other Machinery • Business Equipment • Armaments

L65 - Chemicals • Rubber • Drugs • Biotechnology • Plastics

L66 - Food • Beverages • Cosmetics • Tobacco • Wine and Spirits

L67 - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather Goods; Household Goods; Sports Equipment

L68 - Appliances • Furniture • Other Consumer Durables

L69 - Other

L7 - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction

L70 - General

L71 - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels

L72 - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Other Nonrenewable Resources

L73 - Forest Products

L74 - Construction

L78 - Government Policy

L79 - Other

L8 - Industry Studies: Services

L80 - General

L81 - Retail and Wholesale Trade • e-Commerce

L82 - Entertainment • Media

L83 - Sports • Gambling • Restaurants • Recreation • Tourism

L84 - Personal, Professional, and Business Services

L85 - Real Estate Services

L86 - Information and Internet Services • Computer Software

L87 - Postal and Delivery Services

L88 - Government Policy

L89 - Other

L9 - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities

L90 - General

L91 - Transportation: General

L92 - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation

L93 - Air Transportation

L94 - Electric Utilities

L95 - Gas Utilities • Pipelines • Water Utilities

L96 - Telecommunications

L97 - Utilities: General

L98 - Government Policy

L99 - Other