Potential employment effects of the restructuring of retail banking
The author explains that two steps being taken by banks to restructure their branch systems--the substitution of supermarket branches for traditional offices and the expansion of telephone banking through twenty-four-hour phone centers--may adversely affect employment in New York State as well as across the country.
Financial transactions and the demand for M1
Ongoing restructuring of retail banking
The largest U.S. commercial banks are currently in the process of restructuring their retail operations. This paper describes the innovations that are being adopted, explains the integrated strategies for restructuring, and reviews the policy issues that emerge. We find that banks are restructuring by developing complete customer-relationship profiles, switching over to remote electronic delivery channels (phone centers, home banking, and next-generation ATMs), relocating branches to large retail outlets, and redesigning selected branches as investment centers. The immediate goal of ...
Securities trading and settlement in Europe: issues and outlook
The institutional arrangements for trading and settling securities in Europe remain fragmented along national lines, making cross-border trading costly. Consolidation efforts are under way, however, and major market centers have now emerged in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Although the restructuring of trading and settlement systems should bring the European Community closer to its goal of a single capital market, changes in corporate governance and the competitive environment may raise significant regulatory issues.
Bank branches in supermarkets
The largest U.S. commercial banks are restructuring their retail operations to reduce the cost disadvantage resulting from a stagnant deposit base and stiffer competition. As part of this effort, some banks are opening "supermarket," or "in-store," branches: a new type of banking office within a large retail outlet. An alternative to the traditional bank office, the supermarket branch enables banks to improve the efficiency of the branch network and offer greater convenience to customers.
The monetary aggregates in 1985