The financial crisis, trade finance and the collapse of world trade
As economic activity in many parts of the world started to recover in the latter half of 2009, trade volumes picked up.
Toward a Better Understanding of Macroeconomic Interdependence
The concept of a representative foreign economy has no proper justification in the literature, and the consequences of aggregating the rest of the world into one representative economy are not fully understood.
T-Shirt's Journey to Market
The life of a T-shirt ? from its origins in a Lubbock, Texas, cotton field to its final days in a usedclothing store in Tanzania?aptly tells the story of globalization, comparative advantage, trade regimes, proximity to market and modern retailing.
Shipping Indexes Signal Global Economic Trends
International trade is the centerpiece of the global economy; the United States increasingly turns to foreign suppliers for many consumer goods it once produced domestically. Yet, many studies of international trade emphasize only the starting and finish lines of the supply chain, with little consideration of how goods arrive at their final destination. A closer look at the logistics reveals a story of competition and innovation, in which a complex and dynamic network of ships moves the vast majority of traded goods across the world?s oceans. A number of indexes document two principal sectors ...
The Trilemma in Practice: Monetary Policy Autonomy in an Economy with a Floating Exchange Rate
For many emerging-market economies, swings in the global financial cycle make the trilemma more of a dilemma. Without restrictions on international capital flows, monetary independence is not possible, even for a country with a floating exchange rate.
The euro and the dollar in the crisis and beyond
The euro has survived its first decade, overcoming questions about its viability and political and economic raison d'tre. ?The Euro and the Dollar in the Crisis and Beyond,? a conference sponsored by Bruegel, the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, marked the milestone on March 17, 2010, with discussions of Europe?s monetary integration, the euro?s global role relative to the dollar and the currency?s prospects in the aftermath of the 2008?09 global recession.
Conference on globalization, political economy and trade policy
On April 24 and 25, 2009, the Globalization and Monetary Policy Institute joined with Southern Methodist University to cosponsor a conference on Globalization, Political Economy and Trade Policy at SMU?s Collins Executive Education Center. Nine scholarly papers were presented and discussed in three sessions.
First steps: developing a research agenda on globalization and monetary policy
This essay reviews some of the issues we see as crucial to advancing our understanding of globalization?s implications for U.S. monetary policy and highlights some of the research we have been doing to shed light on these issues.
Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe
One hundred trillion dollars?that?s100,000,000,000,000?is the largest denomination of currency ever issued.1 The Zimbabwean government issued the Z$100 trillion bill in early 2009, among the last in a series of ever higher denominations distributed as inflation eroded purchasing power. When Zimbabwe attained independence in 1980, Z$2, Z$5, Z$10 and Z$20 denominations circulated, replaced three decades later by bills in the thousands and ultimately in the millions and trillions as the government sought to prop up a weakening economy amid spiraling inflation.