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What Types of Customer Data Do Fintech Firms Use?

Beyond cash flow and credit scores, technology-driven lenders have also looked at social media activity and phone ownership.
On the Economy

Will Digital Wallets Replace Cash?

Dialogue with the Fed attendees hear about the opportunities and challenges involved with digital wallets like Venmo.
On the Economy

Faster Payments, More Disruptions

New payment technologies have transformed the banking system by increasing the efficiency and mechanisms to transfer funds. How will these innovations disrupt the banking system?
On the Economy

New perspectives on consumer behavior in credit and payments markets

Welcome Remarks Before the Eighth Biennial Research Conference Co-organized by the Research Department and Payment Cards Center
Speech , Paper 111

Working Paper
Chargebacks: another payment card acceptance cost for merchants

Although chargebacks are perceived as one of the major cost components for merchants to accept card payments, little research has been conducted on them. To fill that gap, this paper describes the current chargeback landscape by generating detailed statistics on chargebacks for signature-based transactions. Our data are from merchant processors, which, altogether, processed more than 20 percent of all signature-based transactions in the United States. For Visa and MasterCard transactions, chargebacks merchants receive are, on average, 1.6 basis points (bps) of sales number and 6.5 bps of ...
Research Working Paper , Paper RWP 16-1

Working Paper
Faster Payments: Market Structure and Policy Considerations

This paper reports on a research effort by Federal Reserve staff to examine market structure implications in the still?emerging faster payments market. The analysis and conclusions in this paper are those of the authors and do not indicate official positions of the Board of Governors or Federal Reserve System. Although this paper offers several considerations regarding the U.S. faster payments market, it does not make specific policy recommendations or provide a view on the potential roles, including service provider or other roles, that the Federal Reserve may play in this market.2 Given the ...
Research Working Paper , Paper RWP 17-14

Pondering Payments: Challenges of Reaching All Americans

Policy Perspectives

Still on Trial? The Court’s Use of Economic Analysis in the American Express Case

In a 2018 antitrust case, the Supreme Court ruled that American Express did not break federal laws in prohibiting merchants from steering consumers to alternative payment methods. However, some antitrust scholars disagree with how the court defined the relevant market and determined anticompetitive effects, and are concerned that the decision will make it more difficult to bring antitrust cases against payment platforms in the future.
Payments System Research Briefing

Welfare Analysis of Debit Card Interchange Fee Regulation

Merchants pay interchange fees to card issuers when they accept credit or debit cards as payment. Many merchants have complained that the fees far exceed issuers' costs for processing such transactions. In response to those complaints, Congress directed the Federal Reserve to impose a cap on debit card interchange fees. The cap lowered interchange fees for most merchants, but it yielded some unintended consequences. An analysis of the payment-card market suggests several factors to consider, in addition to issuer costs, when setting interchange fees to maximize social welfare.
Richmond Fed Economic Brief , Issue Oct

Journal Article
New perspectives on consumer behavior in credit and payments markets

Mitchell Berlin summarizes new research on household finance presented at a joint conference sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia's Research Department and Payment Cards Center.
Business Review , Issue 1 , Pages 25-30


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