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Series:Research Rap Special Report 

Journal Article
Was job quality “job one” in the tri-state region’s economic recovery?

Employment growth has been the most hesitant part of this recovery. Labor markets have been weaker for longer in this recovery than in the other postwar recoveries, even the so-called ?jobless recovery? of 1991-92, at least by some measures.
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Dec

Journal Article
An experimental index for the Business Outlook Survey: some preliminary findings

The Philadelphia Fed?s Business Outlook Survey (BOS) receives considerable attention because it is viewed as both a regional and a national indicator of the anufacturing sector. The value of the survey as an important indicators is due, no doubt, to its unusual longevity (conducted monthly since 1968) and to the fact that manufacturing remains quite sensitive to shifts in overall economic activity. Several studies have shown that the survey?s indexes are useful in quantitatively estimating how the manufacturing sector is doing along a variety of dimension
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Inflation targeting and revisions to inflation data: a case study with PCE inflation

Central banks around the world have come to recognize the importance of maintaining low and stable inflation. One widely employed tool for helping to do so is known as inflation targeting, whereby a central bank sets a numeric goal for inflation. Once this target is publicly stated, the bank can be held accountable for its actions in regard to meeting, or not meeting, this target. Countries that have adopted such a tool have generally had a favorable experience, and there is evidence that inflation targeting is correlated with increased stability in output growth, lower inflation, and more ...
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Jul

Journal Article
Real GDP in annual revisions to the U.S. National accounts: 1966-2011

On July 29, 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released a flexible annual revision to the U.S. national income and product accounts. Real GDP growth was subject to large downward revisions. I use the Philadelphia Fed's real-time data set to compare the size of the recent revision with that of past annual revisions since 1966.
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Aug

Journal Article
Revisions to nonfarm payroll employment: 1964 to 2011

Over recent months, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has revised upward its initial estimates of the monthly change in nonfarm payroll employment. Similar positive revisions occurred to the initial estimates for September 2010 through February 2011. Moreover, upward revisions to initial estimates also occurred in the immediate months following the most recent NBER business-cycle trough of June 2009. This pattern of positive revisions suggests that the BLS might be having trouble pinning down initial estimates of job gains in the early stages of an expansion. It also cautions us against ...
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Dec

Journal Article
Unemployment rates in tri-state metropolitan areas

The national unemployment rate is a closely watched monthly economic statistic. It provides a measure of the health of the labor market and is one of many statistical gauges of economic conditions. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics calculates the national unemployment rate as well as unemployment rates for the 50 states and many sub-state areas. This Research Rap Special Report looks at unemployment rates at one of these sub-state levels ? the metropolitan area ? in the three states in the Third Federal Reserve District: Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Metropolitan area unemployment ...
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Aug

Journal Article
Use of rainy day funds in Third District states

Rainy day fund is the popular name for special reserve funds employed by all but three states (Arkansas, Kansas, and Montana) to provide a more flexible response to emergencies and/or cyclical fiscal extremes. This is the primary policy tool designed specifically to help states address fiscal stresses generated by recessions. By transferring a portion of budget surpluses to their rainy day funds during years of strong economic growth and rising revenues, states can reduce the need to raise taxes and cut services during years of weak growth and declining revenues.
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Jan

Journal Article
Venture capital in the Philadelphia metro area

Many consider venture capital to be a barometer of innovation and economic growth. It is an important source of capital for startups that banks deem too risky to finance. Therefore, it would be useful to examine how the venture capital industry has fared during the recent recession. This report focuses on the Philadelphia metro area and how it compares with the nation. In particular, it highlights the fact that the area increased its share of the nation?s biotechnology deals during the recession.
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Oct

Journal Article
The effectiveness of the state coincident indexes

The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia has produced state coincident indexes since 2005. These indexes are monthly indicators of economic activity for each of the 50 U.S. states, based on a composite of four widely available data series on state conditions: total nonfarm payroll employment, the unemployment rate, average hours worked in manufacturing, and real wages and salary disbursements.
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Jan

Journal Article
Has job quality been \\"job one\\" in the economic recovery?

The Great Recession of 2007-09 has been followed by a Not-So-Great Recovery. The U.S. economy lost more than 8.7 million jobs, representing 6.3 percent of total U.S. payroll employment, on net, during the Great Recession. But while the recovery from this very deep recession began in June 2009, the first net increase in payrolls did not occur until March 2010, eight months into the recovery.
Research Rap Special Report , Issue Aug

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