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Author:Adams, Robert M. 

Working Paper
Where Are All the New Banks? The Role of Regulatory Burden in New Charter Creation

New bank formation in the U.S. has declined dramatically since the financial crisis, from well over 100 new banks per year to less than 1. Many have suggested that this is due to newly-instituted regulation, but the current weak economy and low interest rates (which both depress banking profits) could also have played a role. We estimate a model of bank entry decisions on data from 1976 to 2013 which indicates that at least 75% of the decline in new bank formation would have occurred without any regulatory change. The standalone effect of regulation is more difficult to quantify.
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2014-113

Working Paper
Scope and scale economies in Federal Reserve payment processing

In the past decade, the U.S. economy has witnessed a tremendous surge in the usage of electronic payment processing services and an increased importance of the firms that provide these services. The payments industry has also undergone changes in cost structure with the introduction of new technology. Unfortunately, data on the private provision of payment processing services are not available. However, the Federal Reserve provides similar services and collects data on its own provision of payments processing, offering an opportunity to gain insights into the cost structure of payments ...
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 0213

Working Paper
The effects of local banking market structure on the banking-lending channel of monetary policy

We study the relationship between banking competition and the transmission of monetary policy through the bank lending channel. Using business small loan origination data provided from the Community Reinvestment Act from 1996-2002 in our analysis, we are able to reaffirm the existence of the bank lending channel of monetary transmission. Moreover, we find that the impact of monetary policy on loan originations is weaker in more concentrated markets.
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2005-16

Working Paper
Market power in outputs and inputs: an empirical application to banking

This paper provides evidence on the empirical separability of input and output market imperfections. We specify a model of banking competition and simultaneously estimate bank conduct in output (loan) and input (deposit) markets. Our results suggest that firms display some degree of non-competitive behavior in both the loan and the deposit markets. Moreover, we find that the input side and the output side are empirically separable, that is, the measurement of market power on one side of the market is not affected by assuming that the other side of the market is perfectly competitive. Our ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2002-52

Discussion Paper
Why Did Credit Card Balances Decline so Much during the COVID-19 Pandemic?

Consumer credit card balances in the United States experienced unprecedented declines during the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the G.19 Consumer Credit statistical release, revolving consumer credit fell more than $120 billion (11 percent) in 2020, the largest decline in both nominal and percentage terms in the history of the series.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2021-12-03-3

Working Paper
Bank Fees, Aftermarkets, and Consumer Behavior

Fees for banking services have been a policy concern for over 20 years and the subject of several government agencies studies, which focused on the magnitude, incidence, or disclosure of such fees. Using a sample of single market banks, I study the relationship between market-level consumer characteristics and bank fee revenue, fees, and bank return on assets (ROA) to infer consumer and firm behavior. Of particular interest, I use county-level IRS tax records as a measure of the consumer income distribution, but my analysis also includes measures of age and education distributions. I find ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2017-054

Conference Paper
The value of location in bank competition: examining the effect of Wal-Mart branches

Proceedings , Paper 1047

Discussion Paper
Do Marketplace Lending Platforms Offer Lower Rates to Consumers?

This note analyzes interest rates of loans from the two largest P2P platforms, Lending Club and Prosper, to observe their potential benefits to borrowers.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2018-10-22

Conference Paper
Preface

Proceedings , Issue Oct , Pages ix

Discussion Paper
How the Largest Bank Holding Companies Grew: Organic Growth or Acquisitions?

In this note, we decompose growth into that related to mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and to all other sources; discuss factors that have affected growth and consolidation; describe our data sources and methodology; and present results.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2018-12-21-4

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