Working Paper

Where Are All the New Banks? The Role of Regulatory Burden in New Charter Creation


Abstract: New bank formation in the U.S. has declined dramatically since the financial crisis, from well over 100 new banks per year to less than 1. Many have suggested that this is due to newly-instituted regulation, but the current weak economy and low interest rates (which both depress banking profits) could also have played a role. We estimate a model of bank entry decisions on data from 1976 to 2013 which indicates that at least 75% of the decline in new bank formation would have occurred without any regulatory change. The standalone effect of regulation is more difficult to quantify.

Keywords: Bank entry; Bank Competition; Regulation;

JEL Classification: L11; E52; G21; G01;

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File(s): File format is application/pdf https://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/feds/2014/files/2014113r1pap.pdf
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File(s): File format is application/pdf https://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/feds/2014/files/2014113pap.pdf
Description: (Original)

Authors

Bibliographic Information

Provider: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.)

Part of Series: Finance and Economics Discussion Series

Publication Date: 2016-01-05

Number: 2014-113

Pages: 36 pages