Working Paper

Fast Locations and Slowing Labor Mobility

Abstract: Declining internal migration in the United States is driven by increasing home attach-ment in locations with initially high rates of population turnover. These ?fast? locations were the population growth destinations of the 20th century, where home attachments were low, but have increased as regional population growth has converged. Using a novel measure of attachment, this paper estimates a structural model of migration that distinguishes moving frictions from home utility. Simulations quantify candidate explanations of the decline. Rising home attachment accounts for most of the decline not attributable to population aging, and its e?ect is consistent with the observed spatial pattern.

Keywords: declining internal migration; labor mobility; home attachment; rootedness; local ties; conditional choice probability estimation;

JEL Classification: C50; J61; R11; R23;

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Bibliographic Information

Provider: Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia

Part of Series: Working Papers

Publication Date: 2019-12-02

Number: 19-49

Pages: 95 pages