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Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco  Series:Community Development Investment Review 

Journal Article
Financing rural innovation with community development venture capital: models, options and obstacles

Growing local companies is essential to the economic prosperity for many rural regions and residents. Rural economies, however, rarely attract traditional venture capital. Given the important role that patient capital plays in entrepreneurial development, the future economic vitality of rural communities rests, at least in part, on their ability to access such capital. Community development venture capital (CDVC) is a particularly adept model for overcoming the structural obstacles that rural geographies present for venture capital investors. Rubin explores some of the obstacles this model ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 3 , Pages 15-27

Journal Article
Sparking Change in New England’s Smaller Cities: Lessons from Early Rounds of the Working Cities Challenge

The Boston Fed developed the Working Cities Challenge (WCC) to advance leadership and collaboration in New England?s smaller, postindustrial places. The Boston Fed, in partnership with a team of private-, public-, and philanthropic-sector leaders, offered competitive grants of up to $700,000 to teams from smaller cities in Massachusetts that committed to working collaboratively across sectors on initiatives that would improve outcomes for low-income residents. This essay examines four key lessons learned from the Working Cities Challenge process to date, along with the ongoing questions the ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 035-042

Journal Article
Check your guns at the door: how to get together to establish a secondary market

Proceedings of the Conference on the Secondary Market for Community Development Loans <p> Most organizational development professionals are familiar with Spencer Johnson?s book Who Moved My Cheese? Johnson?s tale is simple but insightful and reveals profound truths about change. The four characters in the story live in a maze and they need to look for cheese to nourish them and make them happy. The characters are Sniff, Scurry, Hem, and Haw. ?Cheese? is a metaphor for what you want in life, and ?maze? is where you look for what you want. In the story, the characters face unexpected change, ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 2 , Pages 44-45

Journal Article
Using new markets tax credits to mitigate the impact of foreclosures on communities

Across the country, committees have been established to come up with ways to mitigate the impact of foreclosures on lower-income communities. A few are exploring the feasibility of having community-based organizations use the New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program to facilitate the purchase of foreclosed residential properties for rehabilitation and resale to low- and moderate-income families. In theory, these organizations could use the tax credits to help recover their costs for purchasing, fixing up, and selling homes at a price that is affordable to lower-income buyers. Moreover, the tax ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 76-82

Journal Article
Foreword to Community Development Innovation Review, Volume 13, Issue 1, 2018

Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 04-04

Journal Article
Success begins with a feasibility study

Pay for Success (PFS), a form of social impact financing, is receiving international attention as a way to pay for scaling up high-return interventions, ranging from prisoner rehabilitation to infant health. It is attractive because risk of failure is shifted from taxpayers to the private sector; if programs don?t work, government doesn?t pay. Government pays for success by rebating a large portion of the savings from programs that work to private investors in those programs. If there are no savings, that is if interventions do not reduce government costs, there is nothing to rebate to ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 01 , Pages 085-089

Journal Article
Catalyzing American retail investment in community development finance: What can we learn from other SRI success stories?

Community Development Investment Review , Issue 01 , Pages 028-041

Journal Article
The latest frontiers for financial inclusion: Using mobile phones to reach the unbanked

The goal of community development should be to improve the lives of as many disadvantaged people as possible with a minimum amount of resources. The field can achieve this goal by identifying those community development projects that are both efficient and have significant social impacts, and then scaling up. However, without effective evaluations, it is impossible to gauge progress. Effective evaluations include randomized experiments and well-designed observational studies, both of which can measure the impact to society. This article analyzes the best evaluation methods in international ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 01 , Pages 114-118

Journal Article
Metrics matter: A human development approach to measuring social impact

Community Development Investment Review , Issue 02 , Pages 26-34

Journal Article
Understanding the true benefits of both energy efficiency and job creation

Investments in energy efficiency spark opportunities for employment that draw on skillsets that are prevalent in the United States. Moreover, evidence suggests that as companies? investments in energy efficiency improve their bottom line, their competitiveness increases, which can help bring jobs back to American soil. Furthermore, cost savings from energy efficiency can eventually translate into additional productive spending, creating economic development opportunities and increasing job creation. However, the means through which investment in energy efficiency stimulates net job creation ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 01 , Pages 109-116




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