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Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of New York  Series:The Regional Economy of Upstate New York 

Journal Article
Vitality in upstate medical manufacturing

We describe the medical manufacturing industry generally and examine the industry's presence in upstate New York and its metropolitan areas. We show that upstate has a considerable employment concentration in the manufacture of both medical devices and pharmaceuticals. This activity is distributed widely among the region's metropolitan areas, with Buffalo, Glens Falls, Rochester, Syracuse, and Utica specializing in the industry overall and Albany showing strength in two subindustries.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Fall

Journal Article
The upstate economy under the new NAICS classification system

We examine the composition of the upstate New York economy as reflected by the new NAICS (North American Industry Classification System) classifications, and explain how this new perspective changes our understanding of the economy. In addition, given the importance of manufacturing to upstate New York, we examine in detail the manufacturing sector under the new NAICS classification.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Sum

Journal Article
Small businesses in upstate New York rank barriers to growth

The Buffalo Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and the Center for Governmental Research (CGR) surveyed small businesses in western and central New York State. The object of the survey was to identify what small business owners perceive to be the chief barriers to the growth of their companies. We provide an overview of the survey and its findings. The barriers to growth cited in upstate New York are similar to those cited nationwide: nonwage worker costs, state and federal taxes, and energy costs. Small business owners also see several advantages to their upstate New York ...
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Win

Journal Article
How New York State's agriculture industry is staying competitive

We examine some of the challenges facing New York's agriculture industry and outline some innovative responses. We distinguish between two types of agriculture: commodities and value-added consumer foods. We show that commodities are a small fraction of the agriculture industry in New York State and are not a growing market segment, while value-added goods are the primary products of New York farms and represent a market segment that is growing significantly. We then briefly discuss important strategies that agricultural producers are using to remain competitive, including the adoption of ...
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Buffalo's employment on the rise

Employment growth in 1999 for the Buffalo metropolitan area was the strongest in a decade. Buffalo's job growth rate of 1.6 percent was still less than that of the U.S., upstate, and New York State as a whole. In a second section on the cost of rail shipping in Western New York, we present data showing that rates for the four studied commodities have in fact been above national averages. Although it is difficult to determine the exact reasons for Buffalo's higher prices, some combination of higher costs and a lack of competition likely explain the differential.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Economic diversity and New York State

We consider why broad-based economies have some advantages over their more specialized counterparts. We show that diversity can be a spur to productivity and innovation, and that firms in a region with many types of businesses will enjoy easy access to the resources and services needed for production. In addition, we argue that regions with a broad mix of industries possess a buffer against economic shocks that adversely affect individual industries.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Win

Journal Article
Population out-migration from Upstate New York

We identify the nature and extent of the out-migration from the upper New York State region and examine its economic impact. Our analysis begins with an explanation for the outflow. Next, we describe population growth trends and estimate the extent of the out-migration. We conclude by showing how out-migration is reshaping upstate New York's economy and demographics, and is resulting in limited growth and a population that is aging faster than most U.S. populations.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Win

Journal Article
Conference explores inner-city business development

The May 1 conferences titled "The untapped urban market: attracting business to the inner city," and presented by the Buffalo Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York in partnership with the University at Buffalo Department of Planning, discussed the economic challenges faced by inner-city communities and explored effective strategies for business development. We summarize the various inner-city development models presented at the conference and the discussion that arose around them.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Sum

Journal Article
Restructuring in the manufacturing workforce: New York State and the nation

We analyze the restructuring of the manufacturing workforce over the past two decades by investigating how the occupational distribution of workers has changed. We identify important regional differences in the nature and degree of this restructuring, and give particular attention to New York State's experience in relation to that of other states in the Northeast.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Win

Journal Article
Examining the rising foreclosure rate

We examine the foreclosure rate in the U.S. economy and outline factors that may be contributing to its rise. We also investigate the behavior of foreclosure rates in New York State and six of its major metropolitan areas. Particular attention is given to Buffalo, where foreclosures increased fourfold in the 1990s.
The Regional Economy of Upstate New York , Issue Spr

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