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Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis  Series:Quarterly Review 

Journal Article
Deposit insurance reform or deregulation is the cart, not the horse

Quarterly Review , Volume 7 , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Changes in the wealth of nations

This study systematically examines the distribution of the wealth of nations and how it has evolved over time. A nation's wealth is measured by its real per-capita gross domestic product. The study documents the following key economic development facts that a theory of economic development must be consistent with: There is a great disparity in wealth between the richest and poorest countries. This disparity has changed little in the postwar period. There was an upward shift in the distribution of the wealth of nations. There has been considerable relative wealth mobility, with some ...
Quarterly Review , Volume 17 , Issue Spr , Pages 3-16

Journal Article
Learning to be unpredictable : an experimental study.

This study tests experimentally whether the ability of subjects to play a noncooperative game's mixed-strategy equilibrium (to make their play unpredictable) is affected by how much information subjects have about the structure of the game. Subjects played the mixed-strategy equilibrium when they had all the information about other players' payoffs and actions, but not otherwise. Previous research has shown that players of a game can play a mixed-strategy equilibrium if they observe the actions of all players and use sophisticated Bayesian learning to infer the likely payoffs to other ...
Quarterly Review , Volume 24 , Issue Spr , Pages 14-20

Journal Article
The role of large banks in the recent U.S. banking crisis

This article argues that the poor performance of the U.S. banking industry in the 1980s was due mainly to the risk-taking of the largest banks, which was encouraged by the U.S. government's too-big-to-fail policy. The article documents the recent trend toward riskier bank portfolios and the corresponding decline in bank profitability. A breakdown of the data by location and by asset size reveals that bank problems were concentrated in areas with troubled industries (oil, real estate, and agriculture) and among banks with the largest assets. In a statistical study controlling for location, ...
Quarterly Review , Volume 18 , Issue Win , Pages 2-21

Journal Article
Defending zero inflation: all for naught

Economists and policymakers disagree on the lengths central banks should go in pursuit of price stability and, in fact, on exactly what price stability means. This essay advocates that central banks try to maintain stable price levels in their countries, and it argues that the benefits of achieving this objective are worth the transition costs. The essay reviews some of the relevant academic literature on the economic effects of inflation and specifically addresses the issues of transition cost, fiscal dominance, and credibility.
Quarterly Review , Volume 15 , Issue Spr , Pages 16-20

Journal Article
Understanding Japan's saving rate: the reconstruction hypothesis

This paper evaluates Hayashi's conjecture that Japan's postwar saving experience can be accounted for by the neoclassical model of economic growth as that country's efforts to reconstruct its capital stock that was severely damaged in World War II. I call this the reconstruction hypothesis. I take a simplified version of a standard neoclassical growth model that is in widespread use in macroeconomics and simulate its response to capital destruction. The saving rate path implied by the model differs significantly from the path taken by actual Japanese postwar saving data. I discuss several ...
Quarterly Review , Volume 13 , Issue Spr , Pages 10-25

Journal Article
TIP: the wrong way to fight inflation

Quarterly Review , Volume 2 , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Bank failures, financial restrictions, and aggregate fluctuations: Canada and the United States, 1870-1913

During 1870_1913, Canada had a well-diversified branch banking system while banks in the U.S. unit-banking system were less diversified. Canadian banks could issue large-denomination notes with no restrictions on their backing, while all U.S. currency was essentially an obligation of the U.S. government. Also, experience in the two countries with regard to bank failures and panics was quite different. A general equilibrium business cycle model with endogenous financial intermediation is constructed that captures these historical Canadian and American monetary and banking arrangements as ...
Quarterly Review , Volume 13 , Issue Sum , Pages 20-40

Journal Article
Should we fight inflation with wage and price controls?

Quarterly Review , Volume 2 , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Does the sinking U.S. dollar mean the float isn't working?

Quarterly Review , Volume 2 , Issue Sum

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