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Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland  Series:Economic Commentary 

Journal Article
Bad standards

An argument that what is essential in any arbitrary measure--including measures of value--is that they can be counted on to convey accurate and consistent information. When a central bank tolerates inflation, it reduces an economy's ability to make decisions based on value.
Economic Commentary , Issue Oct

Journal Article
Lessons from the collapse of three state-chartered private deposit insurance funds

An analysis of the collapse of the Rhode Island Share and Deposit Indemnity Corporation, distinguishing the elements of failure and resolution that it shared with other large state-chartered deposit insurance funds--principally the Ohio and Maryland funds--from those that were unique to Rhode Island.
Economic Commentary , Issue May

Journal Article
U.S. ethnic scientists and entrepreneurs

Immigrants are exceptionally important for U.S. technology development, accounting for almost half of the country?s Ph.D. workforce in science and engineering. Most notably, the contribution of Chinese and Indian scientists and entrepreneurs in U.S. high-technology sectors increased dramatically in the 1990s. These ethnic scientific communities in the United States further help transfer new technologies back to their home countries.
Economic Commentary , Issue Apr

Journal Article
Labor Market Tightness across the United States since the Great Recession

Though labor market statistics are often reported and discussed at the national level, conditions can vary quite a bit across individual states. We explore differences in these conditions before and after the Great Recession using a ratio of the number of unemployed workers to job vacancies. We show that the intensity of the adverse effects of the recession and the strength of the recovery varied geographically at all points in the process. We also demonstrate that wage growth is delayed until the ratio of unemployed workers to job vacancies returns to prerecession levels.
Economic Commentary , Volume 2018 , Issue 01 , Pages 6

Journal Article
Accelerating money growth: is M2 telling us something?

A look at the recent acceleration in M2, examining evidence that its velocity has stabilized around a new trend, analyzing the usefulness of money in monetary policy deliberations, and highlighting some of the pitfalls of ignoring money growth.
Economic Commentary , Issue Nov

Journal Article
U.S. dependence on foreign saving

An analysis of the determination of foreign investment in U.S. financial markets and suggestions for reducing dependence on foreign savings inflow.
Economic Commentary , Issue Sep

Journal Article
The sectoral and regional effects of oil shocks: who's over a barrel?

An examination of how higher-priced oil affects various regions and business sectors, citing evidence that the oil shock accompanying Iraq's invasion of Kuwait will have a smaller impact on the overall U.S. economy than that of previous shocks.
Economic Commentary , Issue Jan

Journal Article
Report of the Fourth District Economists' Roundtable

A summary of the 1994 forecasts for real output and inflation presented by 15 members of the Fourth District Economists' Roundtable at their January 1994 meeting, highlighting the measurement of service sector prices and the role of small businesses in creating jobs.
Economic Commentary , Issue Jan

Journal Article
Trends in Revenues at US Colleges and Universities, 1987-2013

This Economic Commentary studies trends in inflated-adjusted revenues per student at US colleges and universities in broad revenue categories between 1987 and 2013. The findings show that, as is widely perceived, tuition revenue has risen over time at both public and private institutions. In recent years, tuition revenue at public institutions has been nearly as large a source of revenue as state and local government funding has been. Revenue from state and local governments has fluctuated at public institutions but has generally fallen over time, whereas funding from the federal government ...
Economic Commentary , Issue March

Journal Article
The performance and profitability of CRA-related lending

In November 1999, the U.S. Congress asked the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to conduct a comprehensive study of loans made under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977. The Board?s study focused on the loans? delinquency and default rates?their performance?as well as their profitability. This Commentary reports the results of the study.
Economic Commentary , Issue Nov




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