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Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland  Series:Economic Commentary 

Journal Article
Target zones for exchange rates?

An examination of proposals to improve the international monetary system by creating central exchange rates and a discussion of why such a policy might not be in the best interest of the United States.
Economic Commentary , Issue Aug

Journal Article
Answering the challenges of creating economic opportunity

What can be done to promote economic opportunity for all citizens and help communities prosper? Roger W. Ferguson, Jr., vice chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, discussed this issue when he addressed members of the Commercial Club and the Commonwealth Club in Cincinnati on October 10, 2002.
Economic Commentary , Issue Dec

Journal Article
The sectoral and regional effects of oil shocks: who's over a barrel?

An examination of how higher-priced oil affects various regions and business sectors, citing evidence that the oil shock accompanying Iraq's invasion of Kuwait will have a smaller impact on the overall U.S. economy than that of previous shocks.
Economic Commentary , Issue Jan

Journal Article
Does the Fed cause Christmas?

A discussion of the relationship between money and output, with emphasis on the possibility that changes in output precede changes in money.
Economic Commentary , Issue Jan

Journal Article
Economic outlook for 1983

A description of the March 1983 meeting of the Fourth Federal Reserve District Economic Roundtable, featuring the median forecasts of 29 economists representing firms throughout the district, with discussion of their expectations for the economy.
Economic Commentary , Issue Apr

Journal Article
Is the consumer overextended?

An evaluation of consumer spending and the part it plays in the expansion of the economy, with a discussion of the role of debt and assets as constraints on future spending.
Economic Commentary , Issue Nov

Journal Article
Optimal deposit contracts: do-it-yourself bank-run prevention for banks

The need for federal deposit insurance is often based on the claim that it prevents bank runs and makes the banking system more stable. But research shows that banks could prevent bank runs by constructing their deposit contracts appropriately, and, in the absence of deposit insurance, they would do so in their own self interest. Federal deposit insurance may be useful as insurance per se?protecting depositors against unforeseen accidents?but it should not be considered necessary for banking system stability.
Economic Commentary , Issue Jan

Journal Article
A new role for the Exchange Stabilization Fund

Recently, the U.S. Treasury announced a new, temporary insurance program for U.S. money-market mutual funds. To guarantee payment of these funds? liabilities, the Treasury will use the assets of its Exchange Stabilization Fund. Created in the 1930s to stabilize the exchange value of the dollar, it has been tapped on occasion to supply loans to foreign countries in financial distress. This latest use of ESF assets is unlike anything the Fund has been used for before.
Economic Commentary , Issue Aug

Journal Article
A national voice, a regional view

Sandra Pianalto, president and chief executive officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, discusses the way the Federal Reserve System ensures that different regions of the country are represented in making monetary policy, describes the way our economy is changing, and suggests some ways the nation can meet economic challenges ahead. This Commentary is adapted from her remarks to the City Club of Cleveland on March 5, 2004.
Economic Commentary , Issue Mar

Journal Article
The Opioid Epidemic and the Labor Market

Drug overdoses now account for more deaths in the United States than traffic deaths or suicides, and most of the increase in overdose deaths since 2010 can be attributed to opioids--a class of drugs that includes both prescription pain relievers and illegal narcotics. We look at trends in drug use and overdose deaths to document how the opioid epidemic has evolved over time and to determine whether it could be large enough to impact the labor force.
Economic Commentary , Issue September




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