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Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago 

Journal Article
Understanding the great trade collapse of 2008–09 and the subsequent trade recovery

This article documents the Great Trade Collapse of 2008?09, as well as the dramatic recovery in trade of 2009?10. The authors consider how three distinct policy actions ? fiscal stimulus, funding for trade finance and a commitment to refrain from increasing trade barriers ? might have affected both the collapse and recovery.
Economic Perspectives , Volume 35 , Issue Q II

Journal Article
The Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act of 1980

Economic Perspectives , Volume 4 , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Interest rates following financial re-regulation

This article uses a calibrated general-equilibrium model of lending from the wealthy to the middle class to evaluate the effects of tightening household lending standards. The authors simulate a rise in down payment and amortization rates from their average values in the late 1990s and early 2000s to levels more typical of the era before the financial deregulation of the early 1980s. Their results show a drop in loan demand. This substantially lowers interest rates for an extended period. Counterintuitively, tightening lending standards makes borrowers better off.
Economic Perspectives , Volume 34 , Issue Q I , Pages 2-13

Working Paper
Junk bond holdings, premium tax offsets, and risk exposure at life insurance companies

Working Paper Series, Issues in Financial Regulation , Paper 93-3

Conference Paper
Structured finance: uses (and abuses) of special purpose entities

Proceedings , Paper 872

Conference Paper
Risk-based capital and bank growth

Proceedings , Paper 404

Journal Article
An Analysis of African American Interstate Migration to Iowa

There are many motivations for family moves to other states. New jobs, lower crime rates and better schools are a few. A common rumor in Iowa is that many low-income blacks are relocating to the state from communities in Illinois, Wisconsin and elsewhere to take advantage of the state's generous welfare benefits. This article attempts to explore that assumption by clarifying who is moving to Iowa and why. The conclusion, based on census data and a brief review of the literature, is that although perception belies reality, the reality is more nuanced than one might expect.
Profitwise , Issue 4 , Pages 33-37

Working Paper
Lean manufacturing and the decision to vertically integrate: some empirical evidence from the U.S. automobile industry

The introduction of a new manufacturing system provides a unique opportunity to analyze its effects on the governance structure of vertical relationships. This paper focuses on the possible effects of lean manufacturing on the decision to vertically integrate. Transaction cost theory provides the framework for the analysis. Lean manufacturing is characterized by a high degree of mutual commitment between up- and downstream firms; this is expected to lead to the formation of contractual vertical relationships. This analysis utilizes a new data set obtained directly from U.S. automobile ...
Working Paper Series, Regional Economic Issues , Paper 94-1

Working Paper
Labor market policies in an equilibrium search model

We explore to what extent differences in employment and unemployment across economies can be generated by differences in labor market policies. We use a version of the Lucas-Prescott equilibrium search model with undirected search and endogenous labor-force participation. Minimum wages, degree of unionization, firing taxes, and unemployment benefits are introduced and their effects analyzed. When the model is calibrated to US observations it reproduces several of the elasticities of employment and unemployment with respect to changes in policies reported in the empirical literature. We find ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-99-10

Working Paper
Pricing IPOs of mutual thrift conversions: the joint effect of regulation and market discipline

A large number of mutual savings and loan associations (MSLs) converted their charters into stock ownership between the mid-1980s to mid-1990s. Because these conversions tended to generate windfall profits for insiders and investors, new conversion guidelines and regulations were proposed by the FDIC to make sure that prices of the conversion IPO were right and fair. As pointed out by Mr. Henry B. Gonzales, former Chairman of the House Banking Committee, "conversion regulations of the Office of Thrift Supervision have ensured that insiders and acquirers don't benefit at the expenses of the ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-01-25



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