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Keywords:trade networks 

Working Paper
Output Spillovers from U.S. Monetary Policy: The Role of International Trade and Financial Linkages

We estimate that U.S. monetary policy has sizable spillover effects on global economic activity. In response to a surprise increase in the federal funds rate of 25 basis points, real output in our sample of 44 countries declines on average by 0.9% after three years. We find that international trade is a more important factor than international finance in explaining these spillovers. In particular, countries with a high share of exports and imports in output have 79% larger responses than countries with a low share, whereas we do not find significant heterogeneity depending on a country’s ...
Working Papers , Paper 19-15

Working Paper
The Transmission Mechanisms of International Business Cycles: Output Spillovers through Trade and Financial Linkages

We study the transmission channels through which shocks affect the global economy and the cross-country comovement of real economic activity. For this purpose, we collect detailed data on international trade and financial linkages as well as domestic macro and financial variables for a large set of countries. We document significant international output comovement following U.S. monetary shocks, and find that openness to international trade matters more than financial openness in explaining cross-country spillovers. In particular, output in countries with a high share of exports and imports ...
Working Papers , Paper 21-13

Working Paper
Modern Pandemics: Recession and Recovery

We examine the immediate effects and bounce-back from six modern health crises: 1968 Flu, SARS (2003), H1N1 (2009), MERS (2012), Ebola (2014), and Zika (2016). Time-series models for a large cross-section of countries indicate that real GDP growth falls by around three percentage points in affected countries relative to unaffected countries in the year of the outbreak. Bounce-back in GDP growth is rapid, but output is still below pre-shock level five years later. Unemployment for less educated workers is higher and exhibits more persistence, and there is significantly greater persistence in ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 1295

How Does Trade Impact the Way GDP Growth and Inflation Comove Across Countries?

Seemingly small international trade linkages can lead to substantial spillovers across countries, going a long way in explaining the well-documented global comovement in GDP growth and inflation across countries. The spillovers come largely from indirect effects, with shocks in a foreign country not only propagating to the domestic economy directly but also cumulating through the trade network via other foreign countries. We develop and estimate a model incorporating these network effects, and we find that inflationary shocks in Europe have substantial effects on U.S. inflation and that U.S. ...
Richmond Fed Economic Brief , Volume 23 , Issue 1


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