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Remarks at the Panel Discussion, “Central Bank Perspectives on Central Bank Digital Currencies”
The topic of central bank digital currencies is certainly of interest to the Federal Reserve and other nations’ central banks around the world. Like others, the Federal Reserve System is considering both the technical and policy issues surrounding all aspects of a central bank digital currency. In my brief remarks today on the panel, I will touch on several of these key considerations.
Central Banks and Digital Currencies
Recent developments in payments technology raise important questions about the role of central banks either in providing a digital currency themselves or in supporting the development of digital currencies by private actors, as some authors of this post have discussed in a recent IMF blog post. In this post, we consider two ways a central bank could choose to become involved with digital currencies and discuss some implications of these potential choices.
Central Bank Digital Currency: Central Banking for All?
The introduction of a central bank digital currency (CBDC) allows the central bank to engage in large-scale intermediation by competing with private ﬁnancial interme-diaries for deposits. Yet, since a central bank is not an investment expert, it cannot invest in long-term projects itself, but relies on investment banks to do so. We derive an equivalence result that shows that absent a banking panic, the set of allocations achieved with private ﬁnancial intermediation will also be achieved with a CBDC. Dur-ing a panic, however, we show that the rigidity of the central bank’s contract ...