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Keywords:asset purchases OR Asset purchases 

Speech
The U.S. economic outlook and the implications for monetary policy: remarks at Money Marketeers of New York University, New York City

Remarks at Money Marketeers of New York University, New York City.
Speech , Paper 254

Working Paper
Gauging the Ability of the FOMC to Respond to Future Recessions

Current forecasts suggest that the federal funds rate in the future is likely to level out at a rather low level by historical standards. If so, then the FOMC will have less ability than in the past to cut short-term interest rates in response to a future recession, suggesting a risk that economic downturns could turn out to be more severe as a result. However, simulations of the FRB/US model of a severe recession suggest that large-scale asset purchases and forward guidance about the future path of the federal funds rate should be able to provide enough additional accommodation to fully ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2016-068

Working Paper
Cheap Talk and the Efficacy of the ECB’s Securities Market Programme: Did Bond Purchases Matter?

In 2010, in response to an ever-worsening fiscal crisis, the ECB began purchasing sovereign debt from troubled euro-area countries through its Securities Market Programme (SMP). This program was designed to improve market functioning and restore the monetary transmission mechanism within the euro area. This paper does not test those ideals. Rather, we test whether SMP purchases systematically lowered peripheral yields and spreads. We find limited evidence of purchase effects but large announcement effects. In addition, on days in which the ECB was believed to have made large purchases, yields ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 1139

Journal Article
Breaking the ice: government interventions in frozen markets

When subprime mortgage defaults started mounting in 2007, financial institutions found themselves unable to profitably sell off these soured investments or raise new equity. As these institutions struggled to reduce their leverage, consumers and firms alike found it increasingly difficult to borrow, which helped trigger a deep recession. Within the context of two popular explanations for the freeze ? asymmetric information and debt overhang ? Benjamin Lester discusses the costs and benefits of policies aimed at thawing markets in a crisis, including direct asset purchases, equity injections, ...
Business Review , Issue Q4 , Pages 19-25

Working Paper
The COVID-19 Crisis and the Federal Reserve's Policy Response

The COVID-19 pandemic and the mitigation efforts put in place to contain it delivered the most severe blow to the U.S. economy since the Great Depression. In this paper, we argue that the Federal Reserve acted decisively and with dispatch to deploy all the tools in its conventional kit and to design, develop, and launch within weeks a series of innovative facilities to support the flow of credit to households and businesses. These measures, taken together, provided crucial support to the economy in 2020 and are continuing to contribute to what is expected to be a robust economic recovery in ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2021-035

Have Fed Asset Purchases Reshaped Bank Balance Sheets? Part 2

The de-risking of commercial banks’ balance sheets since 2008 likely reflects regulatory changes and economic conditions rather than the Fed’s bond buying.
On the Economy

Report
The Federal Reserve’s Market Functioning Purchases

In March 2020, massive customer selling of U.S. Treasury securities and agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic overwhelmed dealers’ capacity to intermediate trades, contributing to a marked deterioration of market functioning. The Federal Reserve promptly took numerous steps to address the market disruptions, including the initiation of market functioning purchases of Treasury securities and agency MBS. Purchases quickly expanded to over $100 billion per day as the Fed announced plans to buy securities “in the amounts needed” to support market ...
Staff Reports , Paper 998

Journal Article
The Federal Reserve’s Market Functioning Purchases

This article assesses the rationale, operations, and implications of the Federal Reserve’s market functioning purchases. The security purchases were introduced in March 2020, when massive customer selling of U.S. Treasury securities and agency mortgage-backed securities triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic overwhelmed dealers’ capacity to intermediate trades, contributing to a marked deterioration of market functioning. Purchases quickly expanded to over $100 billion per day as the Fed announced plans to buy securities “in the amounts needed” to support market functioning and the ...
Economic Policy Review , Volume 28 , Issue 1 , Pages 210-241

Speech
Panel remarks at Bank Indonesia–Federal Reserve Bank of New York Joint International Seminar, Bali Indonesia

Remarks at Bank Indonesia?Federal Reserve Bank of New York Joint International Seminar, Bali Indonesia.
Speech , Paper 213

Have Fed Asset Purchases Reshaped Bank Balance Sheets? Part 1

In response to the COVID-19 crisis, the Fed bought trillions of dollars in bonds. Did this cause U.S. commercial banks to “de-risk” their assets?
On the Economy

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