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Real Business Cycles, Animal Spirits, and Stock Market Valuation
This paper develops a real business cycle model with five types of fundamental shocks and one "equity sentiment shock" that captures animal spirits-driven fluctuations. The representative agent's perception that movements in equity value are partly driven by sentiment turns out to be close to self-fulfilling. I solve for the sequences of shock realizations that allow the model to exactly replicate the observed time paths of U.S. consumption, investment, hours worked, the stock of physical capital, capital's share of income, and the S&P 500 market value from 1960.Q1 onwards. The ...
Replicating Business Cycles and Asset Returns with Sentiment and Low Risk Aversion
This paper develops a real business cycle model with eight fundamental shocks andone ìequity sentiment shockî that captures belief-driven áuctuations. I solve for thetime series of shock realizations that allow the model to exactly replicate the observedtime paths of U.S. macroeconomic variables and asset returns over the past six decades.The representative agentís perception that movements in equity value are partly drivenby sentiment is close to self-fulÖlling. The model-identiÖed sentiment shock is stronglycorrelated with other fundamental shocks and implies ìpessimismîrelative to ...