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Paying the price: how family choices affect career outcomes
Deciding to get married, have children, or care for elderly relatives affects not just wages, but also other career opportunities such as training and promotions.
Women's rise: a work in progress
Recent data show declines in labor force participation for highly educated women, but the causes of these changes are not easy to identify.
The structure of the female/male wage differential: is it who you are, what you do, or where you work?
This paper decomposes the observed wage difference between male and female workers into the portions associated with three types of segregation and with the individual's sex. The contribution of each type of segregation is the product of two factors: the extent of segregation and the wage penalty (estimated coefficient) associated with working in a female-dominated constituent. ; In five Bureau of Labor Statistics Industry Wage Surveys, the earnings of men and women in the same occupation at the same establishment differ by only 1%. Much of the difference in pay between men and women is ...
The impact of managed care on the gender earnings gap among physicians
Important differences in labor market characteristics suggest that men and women physicians may be viewed as imperfect substitutes in the labor market. Concerns about efficiency and cost-cutting, which have led to the adoption of managed care practices, may have (unintentionally) favored female physicians. Using data from the Young Physicians Survey, the author compares changes in the gender earnings gap for physicians in states with high versus low managed care growth during the 1980s. She finds that the gender gap in hourly earnings among physicians in states with high managed care growth ...
The responsiveness of married women’s labor force participation to income and wages: recent changes and possible explanations
One contributor to the twentieth century rise in married women's labor force participation was declining responsiveness to husbands? wages and other family income. Now that the rapid rise in married women?s participation has slowed and even begun to reverse, this paper asks whether married women?s cross-wage elasticities have continued to fall. Using the outgoing rotation group of the monthly Current Population Survey (CPS) and estimating coefficients separately for each year from 1994 through 2006, we find that the decline in responsiveness to husbands? wages has come to an end?at least for ...