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Working Paper
Trade prices and volumes in East Asia through the crisis

This paper presents a break-down of the export and import performance of select East Asian countries into price and volume effects. The results show that in aggregate, the decline in export revenue experienced by these countries in 1998 was largely due to a 9.1 percent fall in prices, and that export volume actually rose. Similarly, while the import volume of these countries did fall in 1998, the decline was not as great as in the dollar value of those imports, but reflected a greater slide in import prices of 10.8 percent. The fall in import and export prices in the East Asian region began ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 643

Journal Article
Opinion : Protectionism's dangerous allure

Econ Focus , Volume 10 , Issue Win , Pages 64

Working Paper
Export market diversification and productivity improvements: theory and evidence from Argentinean firms

This paper examines the relationship between trade and investment in technology adoption when firms face demand uncertainty. Our model predicts that, for a given overall market size, exporting to several countries reduces firms' demand uncertainty and, hence, raises incentives to invest in productivity improvements. The effects of diversification are heterogeneous across firms: An additional foreign market matters more for firms exporting to fewer destinations. We test the proposed theory using a large sample of Argentinean manufacturing exporters. The predictions of the model find strong ...
Working Papers , Paper 2013-015

Journal Article
U.S., Mexico deepen economic ties

Southwest Economy , Issue Jan , Pages 11-13, 16

Journal Article
El Paso and Texas border cities close the gap in per capita income

Crossroads , Issue 2 , Pages 1-8

Working Paper
What can account for fluctuations in the terms of trade?

Fluctuations in the terms of trade the price of a country?s exports relative to the price of its imports are a source of perennial concern to policymakers in developing countries and industrialized nations alike. Terms of trade growth is extremely volatile and can lead to sudden changes in a country?s economic health. This paper seeks to understand the sources of fluctuations in the terms of trade. We decompose a country?s terms of trade volatility into a component stemming from differences in the composition of import baskets and export baskets, which we define as a goods price effect, and a ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-00-25

Journal Article
Do currency unions increase trade? A \\"gravity\\" approach

FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Trade, Relative Prices, and the Canadian Great Depression

Canadian GNP per capita fell by roughly a third between 1928 and 1933. Although the decline and the slow recovery of GNP resemble the American Great Depression, trade was more important in Canada, as exports and imports each accounted for roughly a quarter of Canadian GNP in 1928. The fall in the trade share of GNP of roughly 30 percent between 1928 and 1933 was accompanied by a decline of over 20 percent in the relative prices of exports and imports relative to nontraded goods. We develop a three-sector small open economy model, where wages in the nontraded and import competing sectors ...
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 1606

Journal Article
Understanding the evolution of trade deficits: trade elasticities of industrialized countries

In this article, the authors present updated trade elasticities?measures of how much imports and exports change in response to income and price changes?for the U.S. and six other industrialized countries, collectively known as the Group of Seven. They find that the imports and exports of these countries are slightly more responsive to changes in a country?s total income over a period that ends in 2006, compared with a period that ends in 1994.
Economic Perspectives , Volume 31 , Issue Q IV , Pages 2-17

Working Paper
Dynamic monetary equilibrium in a random-matching economy

This article concerns decentralized trading and efficiency. As in Gale (1986a, b), traders transfer endowments of divisible goods in random, pairwise meetings that take place in discrete time. Anonymity and absence of time preference forestall strategic power. As in Kiyotaki and Wright (1989), and in contrast to Gale, trade and consumption occur repeatedly. Absence of double coincidence of wants makes money essential. There is a continuum of welfare-ranked equilibria in which the level of economic activity is decreasing in the price level, from which Gale abstracts by focusing on relative ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-00-1



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