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Keywords:Risk management 

How and why do small firms manage interest rate risk? Evidence from commercial loans

Although small firms are most sensitive to interest rate and other shocks, empirical work on corporate risk management has focused instead on large public companies. This paper studies fixed-rate and adjustable-rate loans to see how small firms manage their exposure to interest rate risk. The cross-sectional findings are as follows: credit-constrained firms consistently favor fixed-rate loans, minimizing their exposure to rising interest rates; firms adjust their exposure depending on how interest rate shocks covary with industry output; and "fixed versus adjustable" outcomes are correlated ...
Staff Reports , Paper 215

Conference Paper
Remarks: some thoughts on systemic risk


Journal Article
Issues in corporate governance

On September 29, 2002, William J. McDonough, President of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, delivered the William Taylor Memorial Lecture in Washington, D.C., at an event cosponsored by the William Taylor Memorial Fund and the Group of Thirty, a private, international consultative group on economic and monetary affairs. In his lecture, Mr. McDonough describes the actions already taken by private and public sector groups to strengthen corporate governance and accounting standards and identifies areas where reforms are still needed.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 8 , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Risk management: one institution's experience

This paper was presented at the conference "Financial services at the crossroads: capital regulation in the twenty-first century" as part of session 7, "The future of capital regulation." The conference, held at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York on February 26-27, 1998, was designed to encourage a consensus between the public and private sectors on an agenda for capital regulation in the new century.
Economic Policy Review , Volume 4 , Issue Oct , Pages 237-240

Journal Article
What does the Federal Reserve's economic value model tell us about interest rate risk at U.S. community banks?

The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s revealed the vulnerability of some depository institutions to changes in interest rates. Since that episode, U.S. bank supervisors have placed more emphasis on monitoring the interest rate risk of commercial banks. Economists at the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System developed a duration-based economic value model (EVM) designed to estimate the interest rate sensitivity of banks. The authors test whether measures derived from the Fed?s EVM are correlated with the interest rate sensitivity of U.S. community banks. The answer to this ...
Review , Volume 86 , Issue Nov , Pages 45-60

Journal Article
Recent policy issues regarding credit risk transfer

Over the last decade, a variety of financial tools have been developed for transferring credit risk between financial institutions. Credit risk is defined as the risk that the value of a corporate loan (or debt obligation more generally) will decline due to a change in the borrower's ability to make payments, whether that change is an actual default or a change in the probability of default. Credit risk transfer (CRT) mechanisms range from outright selling of loans to credit derivatives that permit shifting credit risk without necessarily referencing specific loans. ; As new varieties of CRT ...
FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Sharing the risk of settlement failure

Two policies toward payments-system risk are common, but superficially appear to be contradictory. One policy is to restrict the exposure to risk generated by one participant to other participants who are, by one measure or another, directly concerned with the risky participant. The other policy is to provide a ?safety net,? typically provided by government and funded by taxes collected from all participants and even from non-participants, to share losses due to ?systemic risk.? In this paper, we provide a model in which both of these policies can be constituents of an economically efficient ...
Working Papers , Paper 594



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