How do benefit adjustments for government transfer programs compare with their participants' inflation experiences?
The authors measure the inflation experienced by demographic groups that likely received benefits from major government transfer programs during the period 1980?2010. They then compare the group-specific inflation measures with the transfer programs? benefit adjustments, which are typically based on aggregate inflation. The extent to which the program benefits keep up with group inflation differs across the programs and their targeted groups, depending on both the ways in which the benefits are adjusted for price changes and the spending patterns of the various groups.
Do temporary jobs help low-skilled workers? : surprising data from Detroit
Because Detroit randomly assigns its welfare-to-work clients to different contractors ? some favoring temporary jobs, some not ? the researchers were able to uncover surprising data on whether temping helps the disadvantaged build careers.
Infrastructure and social welfare in metropolitan America
Public infrastructure investment may indirectly affect firm productivity and household welfare through its impact on the location of economic activity. Existing infrastructure policies encourage firms and households to move from dense urban environments to the surrounding suburbs. Nevertheless, several recent studies have suggested that the concentration of producers and consumers within cities results in "agglomeration economies" that are socially beneficial. In light of these findings, the author recommends the creation of infrastructure investment authorities that would have the power ...
A political scientist's view of the income maintenance experiments
An economist's view of the income maintenance experiments
Fiscal policy in New York and New Jersey: 1977-97
Between 1977 and 1997, real government spending in New York and New Jersey rose more than 40 percent, led by sharply higher outlays for public welfare and education. Increased tax revenues offset the spending hikes, allowing the states to run large cash surpluses in most years, but both states saw their long-term debt grow markedly. As a result, net financial wealth rose only marginally in New Jersey and declined slightly in New York over the twenty-year period.