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Working Paper
Estimating demand elasticities in a differentiated product industry: the personal computer market

Supply and demand functions are typically estimated using uniform prices and quantities across products, but where products are heterogeneous, it is important to consider quality differences explicitly. This paper demonstrates a new approach to doing this by employing hedonic coefficients to estimate price elasticities for differentiated products in the market for personal computers. Differences among products are modeled as distances in a linear quality space derived from a multi-dimensional attribute space. Heterogeneous quality allows for the estimation of varying demand elasticities among ...
Working Papers , Paper 95-9

Journal Article
Are housing prices too high?

FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Violating the law of one price: should we make a federal case out of it?

We use new disaggregated data on consumer prices to determine why there is variability in prices of similar goods across U.S. cities. We address questions similar to those that have arisen in the international context: is this variability purely a result of market segmentation or do sticky nominal prices play a role? We also examine how the degree of tradability of a good influences price variability. Surprisingly, we find that variability is larger for traded goods. We attribute this finding to greater price stickiness for non-traded goods. Distance between cities accounts for a significant ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 644

Working Paper
How wide is the border?

Failures of the law of one price explain much of the variation in real C.P.I. exchange rates. We use C.P.I. data for U.S. cities and Canadian cities for 14 categories of consumer prices to examine the nature of the deviations from the law of one price. The distance between cities explains a significant amount of the variation in the prices of similar goods in different cities. But, the variation of the price is much higher for two cities located in different countries than for two equidistant cities in the same country. By our most conservative measure, crossing the border adds as much to the ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 498

Journal Article
Progress toward price stability : a 1997 inflation report

The primary goal of Federal Reserve monetary policy is to foster maximum long-term growth in the U.S. economy by achieving price stability over time. Price stability will be achieved, according to some definitions, when inflation ceases to be a factor in the decision-making processes of businesses and individuals. Although the Federal Reserve has made considerable progress toward price stability since the early 1980s, inflation remains above the level most analysts would associate with price stability. Because stable prices are essential to maximum long-term economic growth and living ...
Economic Review , Volume 83 , Issue Q I , Pages 5-21

Working Paper
Is U.S. economic performance really that bad?

Working Papers , Paper 95-21

Journal Article
Sticky situation : some prices are slow to change. Are they sticky enough to affect monetary policy?

Econ Focus , Volume 9 , Issue Spr , Pages 20-23

Journal Article
F.Y.I. what's behind milk price movements?

Economic Review , Issue Jan , Pages 34-41

Working Paper
Another look at sticky prices and output persistence

Price rigidity is the key mechanism for propagating business cycles in traditional Keynesian theory. Yet the New Keynesian literature has failed to show that sticky prices by themselves can effectively propagate business cycles in general equilibrium. We show that price rigidity in fact can (by itself) give rise to a strong propagation mechanism of the business cycle in standard New Keynesian models, provided that investment is also subject to a cash-in-advance constraint. In particular, we show that reasonable price stickiness can generate highly persistent, hump-shaped movements in output, ...
Working Papers , Paper 2005-051

Working Paper
Some implications of using prices to measure productivity in a two-sector growth model

We construct a 2 sector growth model with sector specific technology shocks where one sector produces intermediate goods while the other produces final goods. Theoretical restrictions from this model are used to compute the time series for sector-specific TFPs based solely on factor prices and the relative price of intermediate goods to final goods over the 1959-2000 period. An aggregate TFP measure based on these series appears quite similar to the multifactor productivity measure constructed by the BLS. We find statistical evidence of structural breaks in the growth rate of our productivity ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2001-10



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