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Unconventional Monetary Policy and Local Fiscal Policy
Following the onset of the pandemic, the Federal Reserve employed an unconventional monetary policy that directly intervened in municipal bond markets. We characterize the fiscal and macroeconomic implications of such central bank actions in a New Keynesian model of a monetary union. We assume that state and local governments are subject to a loan-in-advance constraint, reflecting that with lumpy cash flows, they often finance a fraction of expenditures by issuing short-term bonds. The municipal debt is held by financial intermediaries, who alsosupply credit to the private sector. Direct ...
The Fed’s Emergency Facilities: Usage, Impact, and Early Lessons
Remarks at Hudson Valley Pattern for Progress (delivered via videoconference).