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Keywords:Liquidity (Economics) 

Journal Article
The dark side of liquidity

A look at the disadvantages of a firm's having too much liquidity, explaining that when a company has a great deal of its worth tied up in liquid assets, it has a harder time attracting investors, who must be convinced that the firm's managers will not "take the money and run."
Economic Commentary , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Foreign exchange and the liquidity trap

When short-term interest rates hover near zero, central banks may have difficulty offsetting downward momentum on prices and economic activity through traditional monetary-policy channels, since commercial banks have little incentive to make loans. Economists refer to this situation as a liquidity trap. Do exchange rate targets and foreign exchange operations, as some have suggested, offer a way to escape such a trap?
Economic Commentary , Issue Oct

Journal Article
Liquidity risk and credit in the financial crisis

The 2007?08 financial crisis was the biggest shock to the banking system since the 1930s, raising fundamental questions about liquidity risk. The global financial system experienced urgent demands for cash from various sources, including counterparties, short-term creditors, and, especially, existing borrowers. Credit fell, with banks hit hardest by liquidity pressures cutting back most sharply. Central bank emergency lending programs probably mitigated the decline. Ongoing efforts to regulate bank liquidity may strengthen the financial system and make credit less vulnerable to liquidity ...
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
What is liquidity risk?

Increased financial globalization, the development of new financial instruments, and changing macroeconomic conditions have led to a renewed examination of liquidity risk. This Economic Letter highlights key elements of liquidity risk measurement and management.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Have the Fed liquidity facilities had an effect on Libor?

In response to turmoil in the interbank lending market, the Federal Reserve inaugurated programs to bolster liquidity beginning in December 2007. Research offers evidence that these liquidity facilities have helped lower the London interbank offered rate, a key market benchmark, significantly from what it otherwise would have been expected to be.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
The Fed's exit strategy for monetary policy

As the financial crisis has receded, the Federal Reserve has scaled back its extraordinary provision of liquidity. Eventually, the Fed will remove all remaining monetary stimulus by raising the federal funds rate and shrinking its balance sheet. The timing of such renormalizations depends crucially on evolving economic conditions.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Do Fed TIPS purchases affect market liquidity?

The second round of Federal Reserve large-scale asset purchases, from November 2010 to June 2011, included regular purchases of Treasury inflation-protected securities, or TIPS. An analysis of liquidity premiums indicates that the functioning of the TIPS market and the related inflation swap market improved both on the days the Fed purchased TIPS and over the course of the LSAP program. Thus, TIPS purchases had liquidity benefits beyond the effect they may have had in reducing Treasury yields.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Corporate liquidity

FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Investment behavior, observable expectations, and internal funds

We use earnings forecasts from securities analysts to construct more accurate measures of the fundamentals that affect the expected returns to investment. We find that investment responds significantly -- in both economic and statistical terms -- to our new measures of fundamentals. Our estimates imply that the elasticity of the investment-capital ratio with respect to a change in fundamentals is generally greater than unity. In addition, we find that internal funds are uncorrelated with investment spending, even for selected subsamples of firms -- those paying no dividends and those without ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 1999-27

Working Paper
A fully-rational liquidity-based theory of IPO underpricing and underperformance

I present a fully-rational symmetric-information model of an IPO, and a dynamic imperfectly competitive model of trading in the IPO aftermarket. The model helps to explain IPO underpricing, underperformance, and why share allocations favor large institutional investors. In the model, underwriters need to sell a fixed number of shares at the IPO or in the aftermarket. To maximize revenue and avoid selling into the aftermarket where they can be exploited by large investors, underwriters distort share allocations towards investors with market power, and set the IPO offer price below the ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2006-12



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