How responsive is the demand for residential land to changes in its price?
Richard Voith's estimates help measure the effect of public policies on land consumption in the United States.
The effect of local housing ordinances
The housing and economic crises have exerted a strong and lingering impact on housing markets across the nation. In this paper, we assess the degree to which local anti-blight policies have infl uenced housing market outcomes following the crises. The analysis is performed for cities in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. We measure outcomes that characterize market distress and that may be influenced by local housing ordinances including foreclosure, bulk sales, flipping, vacancy, and tax delinquency. Using matching procedures on linked data containing property, loan, and transaction characteristics, we ...
A tractable circular city model with an application to the effects of development constraints on land rents
Superseded by working paper 13-37.> A tractable production-externality-based circular city model in which both firms and workers choose location as well as intensity of land use is presented. The equilibrium structure of the city has either (i) no commuting ("mixed-use" form) or (ii) a central business district (CBD) of positive radius and a surrounding residential ring. Regardless of which form prevails, the intra-city variation in all endogenous variables displays the negative exponential form: x(r) = x(0)exr (where r is the distance from the city center and x depends only on preference ...
Productivity, congested commuting, and metro size
The monocentric city model is generalized to a fully structural form with leisure in utility, congested commuting, and the equalizing of utility and perimeter land price across metros. Exogenous and agglomerative differences in total factor productivity (TFP) drive differences in metro population, radius, land use, commute time, and home prices. Quantitative results approximate observed correspondences among these outcomes across U.S. metros. Traffic congestion proves the critical force constraining population. Self-driving cars significantly increase the sensitivity of metro population to ...
Recycling urban vacant land inch by inch, row by row: neighbors reclaim neighborhoods
Vacant, abandoned, and contaminated properties in urban areas can provide opportunities for neighborhood transformation- even new jobs. Examples in the Northeast show that sometimes all it takes to get the ball rolling is a group of visionary gardeners.
Policy update : Tribes seek Uncle Sam's seal of approval
Related links: https://www.richmondfed.org/-/media/richmondfedorg/publications/research/econ_focus/2011/q4/policy_update_weblinks.cfm
Perspective: a New England approach to preserving open space
New England is known for the beauty of its natural landscape and the political independence of its cities and towns. Can we devise policies to preserve both?
The impact of building restrictions on housing affordability
This paper was presented at the conference "Policies to Promote Affordable Housing," cosponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and New York University's Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, February 7, 2002. It was part of Session 2: Affordable Housing and the Housing Market.
Housing reform in New Jersey: the Mount Laurel decision