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Keywords:Labor market 

Working Paper
The labor market for direct care workers

As the baby boom cohort nears retirement age, the question of how to provide necessary health care and personal services to a growing elderly population has become a looming policy problem. Beginning in 2020, the number of Americans over the age of 65 will surpass the number of primary providers of formal and informal long-term care (women between the ages of 20 and 44). Perceptions of shortage and very high turnover in today?s direct care labor market are compounding the potential problem. ; This paper provides an overview of the labor market for direct care workers in the United States, ...
New England Public Policy Center Working Paper , Paper 07-4

U. S. labor supply and demand in the long run

In this paper we model U.S. labor supply and demand in considerable detail in order to capture the enormous heterogeneity of the labor force and its evolution over the next 25 years. We represent labor supplies for a large number of demographic groups as responses to prices of leisure and consumption goods and services. The price of leisure is an after-tax wage rate, while the final prices of goods and services reflect the supply prices of the industries that produce them. By including demographic characteristics among the determinants of household preferences, we incorporate the expected ...
Monograph , Paper 52

Journal Article
Why do New Englanders work so much?

Because of the softening of the New England economy in the past two years, the availability of labor has become a less pressing issue for New England businesses. However, projections of slower growth in the working-age population in the 1990s, attributable to changes in the age structure, hold out the possibility of tight labor markets and difficulties finding suitable workers in the future. ; This article focuses on the fraction of the working-age population that chooses to work, called the participation rate, and its responsiveness to economic conditions. New England has had persistently ...
New England Economic Review , Issue Mar , Pages 33-46

Journal Article
Does a trend toward early retirement create problems for the economy?

Many politicians, gerontologists, and editorial writers have come to deplore the trend toward early retirement. This trend, which began after World War II and accelerated in the 1960s and 1970s, has led to a dramatic decline in work effort and earnings among the elderly. Opponents of early retirement believe that keeping people in the work force longer will raise the nations output, reduce the costs of Social Security, and improve the well-being of older Americans. ; This article takes a closer look at the economic arguments behind the widespread call for continued employment of older ...
New England Economic Review , Issue Nov , Pages 17-32

Journal Article
Youth unemployment and the transition from school to work: programs in Boston, Frankfurt, and London

New England Economic Review , Issue Mar , Pages 3-16

Journal Article
Black men in the labor market

New England Economic Review , Issue Mar , Pages 32-42

Journal Article
Earnings inequality: proceedings of a symposium on spatial and labor market contributions to earnings inequality, held on November 17, 1995

Although the increase in earnings inequality in the 1980s and 1990s has been well documented, its causes are still being studied and debated. Some explanations revolve around changes in job skills, job requirements, and labor market institutions. Other explanations focus on the deteriorating quality of many urban neighborhoods and the increasing economic isolation of their residents. A symposium at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston on November 17, 1995, brought together experts from labor and urban economics to address the extent to which changes in labor markets and location have ...
New England Economic Review , Issue May

Journal Article
Spatial and labor market contributions to earnings inequality: an overview

New England Economic Review , Issue May , Pages 1-10

Journal Article
Technology and skill requirements: implications for establishment wage structures

New England Economic Review , Issue May , Pages 139-156

Journal Article
Labor market institutions and earnings inequality

New England Economic Review , Issue May , Pages 157-172



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