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Keywords:Investments 

Working Paper
Agency costs, net worth, and business fluctuations: a computable general equilibrium analysis

An analysis of the quantitative effects of agency costs in a real business cycle model, showing that these costs can explain why output growth displays positive autocorrelation at short horizons.
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 9602

Working Paper
Home production meets time-to-build

An innovation in this paper is to introduce a time-to-build technology for the production of market capital into a model with home production. The paper?s main finding is that the two anomalies that have plagued all household production models?the positive correlation between business and household investment, and household investment leading business investment over the business cycle?are resolved when time-to-build is added.
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 0007R

Working Paper
Finance constraints, liquidity, and investment spending: theoretical restrictions and international evidence

Theoretical and empirical models of investment spending have treated financial structure very differently. Recent research has begun to narrow this gap and, based on developments in the economics of information, has drawn theoretical links between investment spending and the frictions and constraints in financial markets. Furthermore, the sensitivity of investment to liquidity and other financial variables has been documented empirically for several industrialized countries. Despite this progress, the theoretical advances have not been exploited fully in econometric work, and questions remain ...
Research Working Paper , Paper 96-04

Journal Article
The increasing importance of retailers' inventories

Although inventory--sales (IS) ratios and inventory volatility have declined somewhat since the early 1980s, little evidence supports the view that declining IS ratios are associated with declines in inventory investment volatility. In the retail sector, IS ratios have risen and inventory investment volatility has, at best, not increased, pointing to a more significant role in future cyclical fluctuations.
Economic Perspectives , Volume 22 , Issue Q III

Working Paper
Are TIPS really tax disadvantaged? Rethinking the tax treatment of U.S. Treasury Inflation Indexed Securities

In 1997 the U.S. Treasury introduced Inflation Indexed (or Protected) Securities with substantial promotional fanfare. Yet, due in part to what some in the finance profession have described as a "tax disadvantage" placed upon TIPS, many are questioning whether they should appeal to a wide audience. Some, in fact, advise holding TIPS only in tax-deferred accounts. In this paper, the authors develop a framework that allows us to demonstrate that the tax treatment of TIPS is trivially different from that of conventional Treasury securities. Utilizing an after-tax valuation approach, they further ...
FRB Atlanta Working Paper , Paper 2003-9

Working Paper
Plant level irreversible investment and equilibrium business cycles

This paper evaluates the importance of microeconomic irreversibilities for aggregate dynamics using a general equilibrium approach. To this end a real business cycle model of establishment level dynamics is formulated and analyzed. Investments decisions are subject to irreversibility constraints and consequently, are of the (S,s) variety. This complicates the analysis since the state of the economy is described by an endogenous distribution of agents. The paper develops a computational strategy that makes this class of (S,s) economies fully tractable. Contrary to what the previous literature ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-98-1

Working Paper
Ambiguity in asset pricing and portfolio choice: a review of the literature

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that investors? behavior is not well described by the traditional paradigm of (subjective) expected utility maximization under rational expectations. A literature has arisen that models agents whose choices are consistent with models that are less restrictive than the standard subjective expected utility framework. In this paper we conduct a survey of the existing literature that has explored the implications of decision-making under ambiguity for financial market outcomes, such as portfolio choice and equilibrium asset prices. We conclude that ...
Working Papers , Paper 2010-028

Working Paper
Concentrated shareholdings and the number of outside analysts

Assuming some fixed cost to information acquisition, diffuse shareholders in publicly held firms have little incentive to produce information that can substitute for the services of financial analysts. However, we argue that concentrated shareholdings, either by outsiders like institutions or by inside managers, reduce the demand for analyst services. The former group finds it worthwhile to produce its own information and avoid any moral hazard problems associated with analyst forecasts, while the concentration of shareholdings by insiders reduces the moral hazard problem associated with ...
FRB Atlanta Working Paper , Paper 99-7

Journal Article
Understanding the Asian crisis: systemic risk as coordination failure

Systemic crises, such as the recent Asian crisis, may be due to an inability of individual to optimally coordinate their investment strategies.
Economic Perspectives , Volume 22 , Issue Q III

Journal Article
Triple-bottom line investing: balancing financial, social and environmental returns

Community Investments , Volume 20 , Issue Sum

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