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Keywords:International trade 

Working Paper
Offshoring and volatility: more evidence from Mexico's maquiladora industry

In recent papers, Bergin, Feenstra, and Hanson (2007 and 2009, hereafter BFH) analyze the impact that offshoring has in employment and output volatility, particularly on the Mexican maquiladora industry. Their empirical results indicate that employment and output in the offshoring manufacturing plants in Mexico are more volatile than their counterparts in the U.S. Such empirical results suggest that the maquiladora industry (offshoring) can help the U.S. industrial sector to better absorb shocks. In this paper, I expand BFH's empirical analysis in different directions. The empirical results I ...
Working Papers , Paper 1106

Report
Technology, trade and growth: some empirical findings

International patent data for 39 countries from 1970 to 1985 are used to create proxies for imitation and innovation. Domestic imitation and innovation both appear to depend positively on high technology imports from developed countries, intellectual property rights, and the size of the economy. Additionally, transportation and communication infrastructure and quality adjusted research effort are found to contribute positively to domestic innovation. Finally, growth in real per capita GDP is positively related to physical capital stock growth, foreign and domestic innovation, and negatively ...
Research Paper , Paper 9727

Report
"Beggar-thy-neighbor" or "beggar-thyself"? the income effect of exchange rate fluctuations

This paper analyzes the impact of exchange rate fluctuations when they are only partially passed through to consumer prices. We show that an exchange rate depreciation does not necessarily have a beggar-thy-neighbor effect and may in fact have an opposite, or beggar-thyself, effect. The direction of the welfare effect depends on who owns the firms importing goods from producers and selling them to consumers, an issue that has not been explored in the earlier literature
Staff Reports , Paper 112

Journal Article
The Uruguay round of trade negotiations: an overview

On December 15, 1993, in Geneva, Switzerland, negotiators representing 117 countries reached consensus on the Final Act of the Uruguay Round, the most comprehensive international trade agreement in history. The Final Act prescribes, among other things, that tariffs on industrial products be reduced by an average of more than one-third, that trade in agricultural goods be progressively liberalized, and that a new body, the World Trade Organization, be established both to facilitate the implementation of multilateral trade agreements and to serve as a forum for future negotiations. The Final ...
New England Economic Review , Issue May , Pages 3-14

Journal Article
Has globalization created a borderless world?

Globalization. The word often conjures up an image of a worldwide society--no boundaries, no borders, no barriers. Economically speaking, in a truly borderless world, financial capital, production activities, and labor would flow as easily between countries as they do within a country. But is this picture of an economic "global village" accurate? Not quite, according to Janet Ceglowski. In this article, she explains why, despite the expansion of international economic activity in recent years, we haven't yet achieved a barrier-free world
Business Review , Issue Mar , Pages 17-27

Journal Article
U.S. trade and payments in 1963

Federal Reserve Bulletin , Issue Apr

Journal Article
Measuring international trade policy: a primer on trade restrictiveness indices

Measuring the overall restrictiveness of a country's international trade policies is important and, in fact, essential for estimating the effects of trade policies and for negotiations to reduce trade barriers. A good measure is also difficult to produce: Trade restrictiveness indices are constructed by combining the actual structure of trade restrictions, which is generally quite different across goods, into a single number. Under certain assumptions, this single number is the uniform tariff that would produce the same trade restrictiveness as the actual differentiated structure of ...
Review , Volume 92 , Issue Sep , Pages 381-394

Report
Trade, growth, and convergence in a dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin model

In models in which convergence in income levels across closed countries is driven by faster accumulation of a productive factor in the poorer countries, opening these countries to trade can stop convergence and even cause divergence. We make this point using a dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin model ? a combination of a static two-good, two-factor Heckscher-Ohlin trade model and a two-sector growth model ? with infinitely lived consumers where international borrowing and lending are not permitted. We obtain two main results: First, countries that differ only in their initial endowments of capital per ...
Staff Report , Paper 378

Working Paper
Globalization of production and the technology transfer paradox

This paper develops a growth model aimed at understanding the effects of globalization of production on rate of innovation, distribution of labor income between the North and South and welfare of workers in both regions. We adopt a dynamic general equilibrium product cycle model, assuming that the North specializes in innovation and the South specializes in imitation. Globalization of production resulting from trade liberalization and imitation of the North?s technology by the South increases the rate of innovation. When the South?s participation in the product cycle is not too deep, further ...
Working Papers , Paper 0810

Journal Article
U.S. international transactions in 1991

Federal Reserve Bulletin , Issue May

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