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Journal Article
The distorting effects of the inflation premium on personal income and expenditures

New England Economic Review , Issue Sep , Pages 10-24

Journal Article
Public versus private provision of retirement income

New England Economic Review , Issue May , Pages 51-58

Journal Article
See Dick earn. Earn, Dick, earn

Regional Review , Issue Sum , Pages 13-19

Journal Article
Observations: education pays (for some more than others)

A college education raises incomes for all workers, but black workers see smaller increases than others.
Regional Review , Volume 12 , Issue Q 1 , Pages 1-2

A primer on the economics and time series econometrics of wealth effects: a comment

In a recent paper ("A Primer on the Economics and Time Series Econometrics of Wealth Effects," 2001), Davis and Palumbo investigate the empirical relation between three cointegrated variables: aggregate consumption, asset wealth, and labor income. Although cointegration implies that an equilibrium relation ties these variables together in the long run, the authors focus on the following structural question about the short-run dynamics: "How quickly does consumption adjust to changes in income and wealth? Is the adjustment rapid, occurring within a quarter, or more sluggish, taking place ...
Staff Reports , Paper 131

Idiosyncratic risk and volatility bounds, or can models with idiosyncratic risk solve the equity premium puzzle?

This paper uses Hansen and Jagannathan's (1991) volatility bounds to evaluate models with idiosyncratic consumption risk. I show that idiosyncratic risk does not change the volatility bounds at all when consumers have CRRA preferences and the distribution of the idiosyncratic shock is independent of the aggregate state. Following Mankiw (1986), I then show that idiosyncratic risk can help to enter the bounds when idiosyncratic uncertainty depends on the aggregate state of the economy. Since individual consumption data are not reliable, I compute an upper bound of the volatility bounds using ...
Staff Reports , Paper 130

Financial Intermediary Balance Sheet Management

We consider a simple variant of the standard real business cycle model in which shareholders hire a self-interested executive to manage the firm on their behalf. A generic family of compensation contracts similar to those employed in practice is studied. When compensation is convex in the firm?s own dividend (or share price), a given increase in the firm?s output generated by an additional unit of physical investment results in a more than proportional increase in the manager?s income. Incentive contracts of sufficient yet modest convexity are shown to result in an indeterminate general ...
Staff Reports , Paper 531

Journal Article
Recent real income and wage trends in the United States

Some analysts have argued that broad measures of income growth for the 1980s misrepresented how well the typical worker or household fared during this period. This article examines trends in labor force participation and compensation to explain why real wages have not kept up with aggregate measures of real income.
Quarterly Review , Volume 16 , Issue Sum

Education, political instability, and growth

Empirical evidence suggests a positive association between income levels and growth rates on the one hand, and political stability and educational attainment on the other. This paper develops a simple finite--horizon overlapping growth model that in the absence of institutions for precommitment has a political equilibrium with inefficiently low growth, low educational attainment, and high returns to schooling. In the model, the laissez-faire growth rate is inefficient due to an intergenerational externality in the decision to accumulate knowledge. We then contrast the efficient growth rate ...
Research Paper , Paper 9737

Defined contribution plans: the role of income, age and match rates

The growth of defined contribution plans has sparked debate concerning their effectiveness as a vehicle for retirement saving. Using data from the May 1993 Employee Benefits Supplement to the Current Population Survey, this paper examines whether DC plans have expanded overall pension coverage and whether their effects on retirement saving are the same across different age and income groups. Not surprisingly, I find that contributions to and early withdrawals from DC plans are strongly affected by income and age. The paper then discusses whether employer match rates are useful tools for ...
Research Paper , Paper 9517



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