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Keywords:Human capital 

Journal Article
Human capital growth in a cross section of U.S. metropolitan areas

Growth of human capital, defined as the change in the fraction of a metropolitan area's labor force with a bachelor's degree, is typically viewed as generating a number of desirable outcomes, including economic growth. Yet, in spite of its importance, few empirical studies have explored why some economies accumulate more human capital than others. This paper attempts to do so using a sample of more than 200 metropolitan areas in the United States over the years 1980, 1990, and 2000. The results reveal two consistently significant correlates of human capital growth: population and the existing ...
Review , Volume 88 , Issue Mar , Pages 113-132

Working Paper
Fetal origins and parental responses

We review the literature on how parental investments respond to health endowments at birth. Recent studies have combined insights from an earlier theoretical literature on how households allocate resources within the family, with a growing empirical literature that identifies early life health shocks using sharp research designs. We describe the econometric challenges in identifying the behavioral responses of parents and how recent studies have sought to address these challenges. We also discuss the emerging literature that has considered how there may be dynamic complementarities in ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-2012-14

Regional economy and manufacturing update

Remarks at the Quarterly Regional Economic Press Briefing, New York City.
Speech , Paper 28

Working Paper
The accumulation of human capital: alternative methods and why they matter

We show how the ability to accumulate human capital through formal education and through a learning-by-doing process that occurs on the job affects the dynamic behavior of the human capital stock under a liquidity-constrained and a non-constrained case. When there are alternatives to formal schooling in the accumulation of human capital, investing resources in increasing school enrollment rates in low-income countries may not be the most efficient means of increasing the human capital stock. In addition, removal of liquidity constraints may not be sufficient to escape a development trap.
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 551

Conference Paper
Human capital and economic growth

Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole

Working Paper
Revisiting the Effect of Education on Later Life Health

We provide new evidence on the effect of education on later life health. Using variation in state compulsory schooling laws, we examine education's effect on a range of outcomes encompassing physical health, decision-making, and life expectancy. We employ under-utilized Health and Retirement Study data linked to restricted geographic identifiers, allowing us to match individuals more accurately to compulsory schooling laws. While positively related to educational attainment, compulsory schooling laws have no significant effect on later life health outcomes. Our results suggest that increased ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2022-007

Working Paper
International trade and the accumulation of human capital

Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 95-49

Working Paper
Neighborhood dynamics and the distribution of opportunity

This paper uses an overlapping-generations dynamic general equilibrium model of residential sorting and intergenerational human capital accumulation to investigate effects of neighborhood externalities. In the model, households choose where to live and how much to invest toward the production of their child?s human capital. The return on the parent?s investment is determined in part by the child?s ability and in part by an externality from the average human capital in their neighborhood. We use the model to test a prominent hypothesis about the concentration of poverty within ...
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 1212

Working Paper
Why the apple doesn't fall far: understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital

Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. However, is this because parental education actually changes the outcomes of children, suggesting an important spillover of education policies, or is it merely that more able individuals who have higher education also have more able children? This paper proposes to answer this question with a unique dataset from Norway. Using the reform of the education system that was implemented in different municipalities at different times in the 1960s as an instrument for parental education, we find little evidence of a ...
Working Paper Series , Paper 2004-12

Working Paper
Neighbors: a locational model of human capital acquisition

Working Papers , Paper 549



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