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Keywords:Gross domestic product 

Speech
The U.S. economic outlook

Remarks at the Washington and Lee University H. Parker Willis Lecture in Political Economics, Lexington, Virginia.
Speech , Paper 20

Journal Article
Will China ever become as rich as the U.S.?

Twenty years ago, a visitor to Beijing would have been struck by the bicycle?s popularity as a form of mass transportation. Today, auto congestion and pollution on the increasingly clogged roads of China?s capital city are pervasive features. In a little more than three decades, China has transformed itself from a largely closed agrarian society to an urban exporting nation commonly viewed as the workshop of the world. ; At current growth rates, China will be the world?s largest economy sometime in the next decade. But will it ever be the richest? Though providing a definitive answer is ...
Economic Letter , Volume 6

Conference Paper
Cross-country variations in national economic growth rates: the role of \\"technology\\"

Conference Series ; [Proceedings] , Volume 40 , Issue Jun , Pages 127-172

Working Paper
Instability under nominal GDP targeting: the role of expectations

Ball (1997) shows using a small closed economy model that nominal GDP targeting can lead to instability. This paper extends Ball's model to uncover the role inflation expectations play in generating this instability. By changing the process by which inflation expectations are formed in the short-run aggregate supply curve we show that nominal GDP targeting in either level or growth form does not generally result in instability. We further show that in Ball's (1997) case where exact targeting causes instability that moving to inexact targeting restores stability.
Working Paper Series , Paper 2000-09

Working Paper
An unobserved-components model of constant-inflation potential output

Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues , Paper 93-2

Journal Article
Policy initiatives in the global recession: what did forecasters expect?

The global recession of 2008-09 led to monetary and fiscal policy responses by central banks and government authorities that were often unconventional in size and scope. A study of expansionary measures employed during the recession suggests that overall, the policies were likely effective in shaping the outlook for a recovery, as forecasters raised their expectations of inflation and GDP growth after the policies? implementation. From this perspective, the policies stimulated economic activity and prevented deflationary pressures during the financial crisis.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 18 , Issue Feb

Working Paper
Structural change in an open economy

We study the importance of international trade in structural change. Our framework has both productivity and trade cost shocks, and allows for non-unitary income and substitution elasticities. We calibrate our model to investigate South Korea's structural change between 1971 and 2005. We find that the shock processes, propagated through the model's two main transmission mechanisms, non-homothetic preferences and the open economy, explain virtually all of the evolution of agriculture and services labor shares, and the rising part of the hump-shape in manufacturing. Counterfactual exercises ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-2013-09

Speech
The national and regional economy

Remarks at Pace University, New York City.
Speech , Paper 92

Journal Article
Using a nominal GDP rule to guide discretionary monetary policy

Given doubts about the reliability of the monetary aggregates as intermediate targets of monetary policy, the Federal Reserve attempts to meet its dual goals--gradual reduction of inflation and mitigation of cyclical downturns in output--through purely discretionary adjustments of an interest rate instrument in response to myriad incoming data. A procedure in which the Fed would consult a nominal GDP feedback rule, while retaining the flexibility to use discretion in its monetary policy decisions, might contribute to achieving its long-run inflation goal without significantly ...
Economic Review

Journal Article
Does the yield spread predict real economic activity? : a multicountry analysis

This article evaluates the ability of the yield spread to forecast real economic activity in 11 industrial countries. The first section of this article defines the yield spread and explains why the spread may be a useful predictor of real economic activity. The second section describes the data and criteria used to evaluate the predictive power of the yield spread. The third section examines whether yield spreads have reliably forecast real economic activity in the 11 countries, using several measures of real economic activity and alternative forecast horizons. The empirical results indicate ...
Economic Review , Volume 82 , Issue Q III , Pages 37-53

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