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Keywords:General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Organization) 

Working Paper
The agreement on subsidies and countervailing measures: tying one's hands through the WTO

Why would governments agree to restrict their own discretion in setting domestic policies as part of a trade agreement? This paper examines the welfare consequences of the GATT's Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM). If countries which join a trade agreement are given free reign over the use of domestic production subsidies, then after negotiating tariff reductions, governments could undermine the agreement by introducing production subsidies to import-competing producers that effectively act as trade barriers. The SCM restricts the use of domestic subsidies by countries ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-06-22

Working Paper
Why are safeguards needed in a trade agreement?

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on the use of safeguards in a trade agreement. It then analyzes the available data on the use of safeguards by WTO members to examine two hypotheses in the economics literature, that safeguards improve welfare by facilitating tariff reductions and that safeguards improve welfare by providing insurance against adverse economic shocks. I find that countries which undertook larger tariff reductions during the Uruguay Round conducted more safeguards investigations after the WTO was established. However, this result is not robust across ...
Working Paper Series , Paper WP-06-06

Journal Article
Agriculture and the GATT: a time for change

Economic Review , Volume 74 , Issue Feb , Pages 21-42

Journal Article
An introduction to the WTO and GATT

This article reviews the history of GATT and the WTO. It discusses the founding principles of the post-WW II world trading system--reciprocity and nondiscrimination. Lastly, the article reviews the economics literature on regional trade agreements and administered protection, two important exceptions to GATT's requirement in trade policy.
Economic Perspectives , Volume 27 , Issue Q IV

Newsletter
The worldwide spread of antidumping protection

Chicago Fed Letter , Issue Jan

Journal Article
GATS and banking in the Pacific Basin

FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Tokyo Round

FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Tokyo Round in Geneva

FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
The new protectionism

FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Ominous trade winds

FRBSF Economic Letter

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