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Keywords:Foreign exchange 

Journal Article
Dealing with currency speculation in the Asian Pacific Basin

FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
The practice of central bank intervention: looking under the hood

This article first reviews methods of foreign exchange intervention and then presents evidence?focusing on survey results?on the mechanics of such intervention. Types of intervention, instruments, timing, amounts, motivation, secrecy, and perceptions of efficacy are discussed.
Review , Volume 83 , Issue May , Pages 1-10

Report
If exchange rates are random walks, then almost everything we say about monetary policy is wrong

The key question asked by standard monetary models used for policy analysis, How do changes in short-term interest rates affect the economy? All of the standard models imply that such changes in interest rates affect the economy by altering the conditional means of the macroeconomic aggregates and have no effect on the conditional variances of these aggregates. We argue that the data on exchange rates imply nearly the opposite: the observation that exchange rates are approximately random walks implies that fluctuations in interest rates are associated with nearly one-for-one changes in ...
Staff Report , Paper 388

Journal Article
Bank capital standards for foreign exchange and other market risks

The Basle Committee on Banking Supervision has proposed methods for incorporating consideration of market risks--exchange rate, interest rate, and equity price risks--into risk-based capital standards for banks. This paper shows that the separate and seemingly different proposed approaches to the three sources of risk are consistent with one another, reflecting a single unifying theme. That theme is the measurement of risk through a weighting of two different measures of portfolio size, the gross position and the net position. A simple theoretical model demonstrates that such an approach ...
Economic Review

Working Paper
Habit formation and the comovement of prices and consumption during exchange-rate based stabilization programs

A defining stylized fact associated with exchange-rate-based (ERB) stabilization programs is that their initial phase is characterized by several years of expansion in private consumption and a gradual appreciation of the real exchange rate. In this paper, I argue that standard optimizing models are unable to account for this empirical regularity, as they predict that, except for the date of announcement of the program, an appreciation of the real exchange rate must necessarily be accompanied by a decline in consumption. I show that this price-consumption problem can be resolved by relaxing ...
International Finance Discussion Papers , Paper 598

Journal Article
Taiwan's trade surpluses

FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
The role of currency derivatives in internationally diversified portfolios

Diversification is widely practiced by investors seeking to reduce risk. In recent years investors have been turning to foreign markets to obtain even greater scope for diversification than domestic markets offer. With the internationalization of security portfolios, however, also comes an additional risk-foreign exchange risk. ; The use of currency derivatives in internationally diversified portfolios can help mitigate foreign exchange risk. This article investigates the impact of currency hedging on these portfolios, in particular index portfolios of stocks and bonds from markets in seven ...
Economic Review , Volume 82 , Issue Q 3 , Pages 34-59

Working Paper
Sterilization costs and exchange rate targeting

This paper examines the movements of exchange rates and capital flows in an environment where an optimizing central bank pursuing the joint goals of inflation and output targeting engages in costly sterilization activities. Our results predict that when faced with increased sterilization costs, the central bank will choose to limit its sterilization activities allowing target variables, such as the nominal exchange rate, to adjust. ; We then test the predictions of a linearized version of the saddle-path solution to the model for a cross-country panel of developing countries. We use IV, GMM ...
Pacific Basin Working Paper Series , Paper 99-03

Journal Article
Statement to Congress, November 7, 1985 (exchange markets for the dollar)

Federal Reserve Bulletin , Issue Jan

Working Paper
A redux of the workhorse NOEM model with capital accumulation and incomplete asset markets

I build a symmetric two-country model that incorporates nominal rigidities, local-currency pricing and monopolistic competition distorting the goods markets. The model is similar to the framework developed in Martnez-Garca and Sndergaard (2008a, 2008b), but it also introduces frictions in the assets markets by restricting the financial assets available to two uncontingent nominal bonds in zero-net supply and by adding quadratic costs on international borrowing (see, e.g., Benigno and Thoenissen (2008) and Benigno (2009). The technical part of the paper contains three basic calculations. ...
Globalization Institute Working Papers , Paper 74

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