Banking in computable general equilibrium economies: technical appendices I and II
Following are the technical appendixes for ?Banking in Computable Equilibrium Economies? by Javier Daz-Gimnez, Edward C. Prescott, Terry Fitzgerald, and Fernando Alvarez, in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 16 (1992), 533?59. Technical Appendix I, by Fernando Alvarez, describes the procedures used to construct the balance sheets reported in Tables 1 and 2 in page 536 and 537 of the paper. Technical Appendix II, by Terry Fitzgerald, describes the computational procedures used in this paper.
The U.S. flow of funds accounts and their uses
The U.S. flow of funds accounts compiled by the Board of Governors provide a broadly consistent set of time-series data for tracking funds as they move from economic sectors that serve as sources of capital to sectors that use the capital to acquire physical and financial assets. They present a wide range of data organized by financial instrument and by sector. With statistics extending back more than a half a century, the accounts document financial developments, provide means for studying macroeconomic behavior, and are used for policy purposes. This article briefly describes the accounts ...
Observations on global financial cycles and recent emerging market volatility
Remarks at the Thirty-Seventh Annual Jackson Hole Symposium, Jackson Hole, Wyoming.
Durable financial regulation: monitoring financial instruments as a counterpart to regulating financial institutions
This paper sets forth a discussion framework for the information requirements of systemic financial regulation. It specifically describes a potential large macro-micro database for the U.S. based on an extended version of the Flow of Funds. I argue that such a database would have been of material value to U.S. regulators in ameliorating the recent financial crisis and could be of aid in understanding the potential vulnerabilities of an innovative financial system in the future. I also suggest that making these data available to the academic research community, under strict confidentiality ...
Credit flows to businesses during the Great Recession
During the last recession, credit flows suffered their worst slowdown since World War II. A look at selected credit market measures gives some insight into why the slowdown was so severe. The measures also show that in spite of the size of the shock, credit flows actually recovered extremely quickly?a testament to the depth of the credit markets, and possibly the interventions that were taken to support them.
Measuring Aggregate Housing Wealth : New Insights from an Automated Valuation Model
We construct a new measure of aggregate U.S. housing wealth based on Zillow's Automated Valuation Model (AVM). AVMs offer advantages over other methods because they are based on recent market transaction prices, utilize large datasets which include property characteristics and local geographic variables, and are updated frequently with little lag. However, using Zillow's AVM to measure aggregate housing wealth requires overcoming several challenges related to the representativeness of the Zillow sample. We propose methods that address these challenges and generate a new estimate of aggregate ...
Recent trends in corporate leverage
The determinants of international flows of U.S. currency
This paper examines the determinants of cross-border flows of U.S. dollar banknotes, using a new panel data set of bilateral flows between the United States and 103 countries from 1990 to 2007. We show that a gravity model explains international flows of currency as well as it explains international flows of goods and financial assets. We find important roles for market size and transaction costs, consistent with the traditional gravity framework, as well as roles for financial depth, the behavior of the nominal exchange rate, the size of the informal sector, the amount of remittance credits, ...