Asset bubbles and the implications for central bank policy
Remarks at The Economic Club of New York, New York City.
Is rising leverage a problem?
A model of liquidity hoarding and term premia in inter-bank markets
Financial crises are associated with reduced volumes and extreme levels of rates for term inter-bank loans, reflected in the one-month and three-month Libor. We explain such stress by modeling leveraged banks? precautionary demand for liquidity. Asset shocks impair a bank?s ability to roll over debt because of agency problems associated with high leverage. In turn, banks hoard liquidity and decrease term lending as their rollover risk increases over the term of the loan. High levels of short-term leverage and illiquidity of assets lead to low volumes and high rates for term borrowing. In ...
Bank exposure to highly leveraged transactions
An assessment of banks' changing involvement in highly leveraged transactions through the use of regulatory data collected in 1991 and 1992, which reveal that overall bank exposure to highly leveraged activities currently poses little threat to bank capital or to the bank insurance fund.
Global household leverage, house prices, and consumption
Household leverage in the United States and many industrial countries increased dramatically in the decade prior to 2007. Countries with the largest increases in household leverage tended to experience the fastest rises in house prices over the same period. These same countries tended to experience the biggest declines in household consumption once house prices started falling.