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Keywords:Federal Reserve 

Working Paper
The FOMC's Committee on the Directive: Behind Volcker's New Operating Procedures

On October 6, 1979, Chairman Volcker announced that the Federal Reserve was embarking on a new, forceful, and ultimately successful campaign to lower the rampant inflation of that time. At the center of this campaign were new operating procedures for conducting monetary policy—procedures that focused daily open market operations on controlling the quantity of monetary reserves and the quantity of nonborrowed reserves in particular. This was a dramatic shift from the prior focus on targeting the federal funds rate. These new operating procedures were preceded by well over a decade of work ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2022-063

Editor's Introduction to the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City's Technical Briefings

Technical Briefings , Paper TB 18-01

Journal Article
The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility

The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted the asset-backed securities (ABS) market, resulting in higher spreads on ABS and briefly halting the issuance of some ABS. On March 23, 2020, the Federal Reserve established the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF) to support the flow of credit to consumers and businesses by re-enabling the issuance of ABS. In this article, the authors describe how TALF works, how much it was used, and its effect on the issuance and spreads of TALF-eligible securities relative to those of TALF-ineligible securities. They find that both the introduction of TALF and ...
Economic Policy Review , Volume 28 , Issue 1

A Brief History of the Fed Universe

In remarks to the Greater Vineland Chamber of Commerce in New Jersey, Philadelphia Fed President Patrick T. Harker kept his outlook in line with that of recent weeks. ?I continue to be in wait-and-see mode, and my outlook for rates remains, at most, one hike for 2019 and one for 2020,? he said.
Speech , Paper 164

How Did the MSLP Borrowers Fare Before and During COVID-19?

This policy brief uses Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) data to assess whether the Main Street Lending Program (MSLP) borrowers were in worse financial health than their peers before COVID-19 hit the economy hard in March 2020 or suffered worse deterioration afterward. The findings can help us better understand why these firms sought to obtain MSLP loans. We find that MSLP borrowers tend to be larger than their peer firms (that is, firms in the same industry and state). Within the same size group, MSLP borrowers are on average younger than their peers. Borrowers tended to have a slightly higher ...
Current Policy Perspectives

Discussion Paper
Treasury Market Liquidity and the Federal Reserve during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Many of the actions taken by the Federal Reserve during the COVID-19 pandemic are intended to address a deterioration of market functioning. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) announced purchases of Treasury securities and agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS), in particular, “to support the smooth functioning of markets” in those securities. Last month, we showed in this post how one metric of functioning for the Treasury market, market illiquidity, jumped to unusually high levels in March amid massive uncertainty about the economic effects of the pandemic. In this post, we ...
Liberty Street Economics , Paper 20200529a

A Look at the Fed’s Emergency Lending Programs

The Federal Reserve launched an alphabet soup of programs in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
On the Economy

Discussion Paper
Securing Secured Finance: The Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility

The asset-backed securities (ABS) market, by supporting loans to households and businesses such as credit card and student loans, is essential to the flow of credit in the economy. The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted this market, resulting in higher interest rate spreads on ABS and halting the issuance of most ABS asset classes. On March 23, 2020, the Fed established the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF) to facilitate the issuance of ABS backed by a variety of loan types including student loans, credit card loans, and loans guaranteed by the Small Business Administration (SBA), ...
Liberty Street Economics , Paper 20200807

A Solution to Every Puzzle

Remarks at the 2020 U.S. Treasury Market Conference (delivered via videoconference).

From Then to FedNow: Payments Innovation and the Federal Reserve

Since its founding, the Federal Reserve System has evolved its payments services to be responsive to changes in the industry and to meet the needs of its customers and the public generally. To be sure, episodes of tragedy and crisis can amplify the gaps in legacy systems and approaches, and the COVID-19 pandemic is no exception as it highlights shifting consumer payments preferences.
Policy Perspectives , Issue December 18, 2020 , Pages 3



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