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Keywords:European Union 

Journal Article
Potential output in a rapidly developing economy: the case of China and a comparison with the United States and the European Union

The authors use a growth accounting framework to examine growth of the rapidly developing Chinese economy. Their findings support the view that, although feasible in the intermediate term, China's recent pattern of extensive growth is not sustainable in the long run. The authors believe that China will be able to sustain a growth rate of 8 to 9 percent for an extended period if it moves from extensive to intensive growth. They next compare potential growth in China with historical developments in the United States and the European Union. They discuss the differences in production structure ...
Review , Volume 91 , Issue Jul

Working Paper
Seigniorage and the European Community: is European economic and monetary union in danger?

Working Papers , Paper 90-19

Borders and business cycles

We document that business cycles of U.S. Census regions are substantially more synchronized than those of European Union countries, both over the past four decades and the past two decades. Data from regions within the four largest European countries confirm the presence of a European border effect ? within-country correlations are substantially larger than cross-country correlations. These results continue to hold after controlling for exogenous factors such as distance and size. We consider the role of four factors that have received a lot of attention in the debate about EMU: sectoral ...
Staff Reports , Paper 91

Journal Article
Long-run impact of the crisis in Europe: reforms and austerity measures

The euro area faces its first sovereign debt crisis, highlighting the fiscal imbalances of member countries. Troubled countries are implementing austerity measures, with adjustments focusing on the short and medium run. However, a long-run solution to Europe's problems requires economic reforms that increase competitiveness and reduce labor costs in the peripheral countries. Such reforms would promote convergence of the euro-area economies and enhance the long-run sustainability of monetary union.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
The dream behind the Eurozone: How the region's political aims led to a complicated morning after

Related links:
Econ Focus , Volume 16 , Issue 1Q , Pages 17-20, 43

What the euro crisis means for taxpayers and the U.S. economy

Testimony before the Subcommittee on TARP, Financial Services and Bailouts of Public and Private Programs, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.
Speech , Paper 71

Working Paper
Investing for the long-run in European real estate

We calculate optimal portfolio choices for a long-horizon, risk-averse investor who diversifies among European stocks, bonds, real estate, and cash, when excess asset returns are predictable. Simulations are performed for scenarios involving different risk aversion levels, horizons, and statistical models capturing predictability in risk premia. Importantly, under one of the scenarios, the investor takes into account the parameter uncertainty implied by the use of estimated coefficients to characterize predictability. We find that real estate ought to play a significant role in optimal ...
Working Papers , Paper 2006-028

Journal Article
European union weathers crisis but faces difficult future

Economics Update , Issue Oct , Pages 1-2

Journal Article
EU + Austria + Finland + Sweden + ?

FRBSF Economic Letter


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