Is Europe ready for 1992?
A half-dozen experts look at the difficulties of melding the regulatory philosophies and practices of the dozen members of the EEC into a single financial Eurosystem.
Fiscal implications of the transition from planned to market economy
The transition from a centrally planned to a market-based economic system should change fundamentally the roles of government and public enterprises in the East-Central European countries of Hungary, Poland, and the Czech and Slovak Federated Republic (CSFR). The size of government should diminish, and that of the private sector increase, as subsidies, which are difficult to justify at market prices, are phased out. Taxes in centrally planned economies tend to be highly distortionary relative to those in market economies, making a restructuring of the tax system desirable to improve ...
Fiscal policy in monetary unions: implications for Europe
This paper analyzes how the feasible mix of government expenditure and financing arrangements may change with the establishment of a monetary union such as that planned by members of the European Community. We find that a monetary union reduces the feasible divergence across countries in their present discounted levels of fiscal spending. Wide differences across countries in their present and future time pattern of spending are still possible, however. Examination of the empirical evidence suggests that the movement towards greater exchange rate fixity associated with the EMS and ...
Is there a world business cycle?
Currency appreciation and \"deindustrialization\": a European perspective
During the 1980s, policy advisers were successful in promoting the view that movements in the value of the dollar have an inverse relationship to U.S. international competitiveness. This article explains their hypothesis, as well as the counterargument that exchange rates positively reflect a country's competitiveness. Economic policies that boost competitiveness also raise the value of the domestic currency. The mirror image of these hypotheses apply to U.S. trading partners, including Europe. The evidence indicates that European countries were not "deindustralized" from 1985 to 1990, when ...
On intertemporal general-equilibrium reallocation effects of Europe's move to a single market
This paper provides intertemporal general-equilibrium investigation of the welfare and employment consequences of Europes move to a unified market, using a multicountry, multisector applied model with imperfect competition, increasing returns-to-scale, and product differentiation at the firm level. The oligopolistic game between firms is assumed to be Nash in output. In the short-term, market imperfections (such as oligopolistic profits and wage rigidities) may exist. These imperfections vanish in the long run, characterized by stock-flow equilibrium consistent with steady-state growth. ...
A market-based view of European Monetary Union
A discussion of European economic integration, noting that monetary union is of secondary importance to free markets in pushing Europe toward its economic potential.
Investment banking in Europe after 1992
Europe 1992: some monetary policy issues