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Keywords:Economic policy 

Journal Article
Research spotlight: Playing the waiting game

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Econ Focus , Volume 16 , Issue 1Q , Pages 11

Journal Article
What has homeland security cost? an assessment: 2001-2005

While homeland security is widely seen as an important national objective, the costs of this effort are not well understood. An analysis of public and private expenditures on homeland security shows that overall spending rose by $44 billion between 2001 and 2005?a clear increase but one that represents a gain of only of 1 percent as a share of U.S. GDP. Private sector expenditures increased very modestly in dollar terms and remained unchanged as a fraction of the sector's GDP.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 13 , Issue Feb

Working Paper
Aggregate price shocks and financial instability: a historical analysis

This paper presents empirical evidence on the hypothesis that aggregate price disturbances cause or worsen financial distress. We construct two annual indexes of financial conditions for the United States covering 1790-1997, and estimate the effect of aggregate price shocks on each index using a dynamic ordered probit model. We find that price level shocks contributed to financial instability during 1790-1933, and that inflation rate shocks contributed to financial instability during 1980-97. Our research indicates that the size of the aggregate price shocks needed to qualitatively alter ...
Working Papers , Paper 2000-005

Journal Article
Evaluating international economic policy with the Federal Reserve's global model

FRB/Global is a large-scale macroeconomic model developed and maintained by the Board's staff. This article provides a historical perspective on the development of the model, gives an overview of its structure, and highlights its dynamic properties with three simulation experiments: a reduction in U.S. government purchases; a depreciation of the U.S. dollar; and an increase in the price of oil exported by OPEC. The article illustrates other uses of FRB/Global by examining the spillover effects of fiscal and monetary policy under alternative European monetary policy regimes.
Federal Reserve Bulletin , Issue Oct , Pages 797-817

Journal Article
The current recession in perspective

An abstract for this article is not available.
Economic Review , Volume 61 , Issue May , Pages 2-7

Racing to the top: how global competition disciplines public policy

Annual Report

Great expectations and the end of the depression

This paper argues that the U.S. economy's recovery from the Great Depression was driven by a shift in expectations brought about by the policy actions of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. On the monetary policy side, Roosevelt abolished the gold standard and-even more important-announced the policy objective of inflating the price level to pre-depression levels. On the fiscal policy side, Roosevelt expanded real and deficit spending. Together, these actions made his policy objective credible; they violated prevailing policy dogmas and introduced a policy regime change such as that ...
Staff Reports , Paper 234

Journal Article
Regulatory reform could boost growth

Economics Update , Issue Jan , Pages 5

Journal Article
Privatization and the transition to a market economy

The Chinese government has announced its intention to privatize thousands of state-owned enterprises. Such an effort would dwarf recent privatizations in the industrialized West and be comparable only to the Eastern European experience following the fall of the Soviet Union. As such, an examination of the Eastern European privatization may provide valuable lessons for China and any other developing economy that embarks upon a large-scale privatization program. In this article, Jason Saving considers three problems with which Eastern European privatizations have had to contend: a scarcity of ...
Economic and Financial Policy Review , Issue Q IV , Pages 17-25



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