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Keywords:Corporate bonds 

Report
Too big to fail after all these years

The naming of eleven banks as "too big to fail (TBTF)" in 1984 led bond raters to raise their ratings on new bond issues of TBTF banks about a notch relative to those of other, unnamed banks. The relationship between bond spreads and ratings for the TBTF banks tended to flatten after that event, suggesting that investors were even more optimistic than raters about the probability of support for those banks. The spread-rating relationship in the 1990s remained flatter for TBTF banks (or their descendants) even after the passage of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act ...
Staff Reports , Paper 220

Working Paper
Callable corporate bonds: a vanishing breed

Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 155

Journal Article
Event risk premia and bond market incentives for corporate leverage

Quarterly Review , Volume 15 , Issue Spr , Pages 15-30

Journal Article
On the relation between stocks and bonds, part I

FRBSF Economic Letter

Working Paper
Monetary policy and the corporate bond market: How important is the Fed information effect?

Does expansionary monetary policy drive up prices of risky assets? Or, do investors interpret monetary policy easing as a signal that economic fundamentals are weaker than they previously believed, prompting riskier asset prices to fall? We test these competing hypotheses within the U.S. corporate bond market and find evidence strongly in favor of the second explanation—known as the "Fed information effect". Following an unanticipated monetary policy tightening (easing), returns on corporate bonds with higher credit risk outperform (underperform). We conclude that monetary policy surprises ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2021-010

Journal Article
Are U.S. corporate bonds exposed to Europe?

The European sovereign debt crisis has created tensions in the global corporate debt market. Investors increasingly hold international assets and companies issue bonds in many countries. Thus, shocks to the European corporate bond market are readily transmitted to the U.S. corporate bond market. However, the rate of transmission is less than one-to-one. Moreover, different segments of the U.S. market vary in the magnitude of their response to European shocks. In particular, higher-rated nonfinancial borrowers and lower-rated financial borrowers are less affected on average.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Journal Article
Can structural models of default explain the credit spread puzzle?

This Economic Letter discusses why standard versions of structural models of default tend to underpredict the level of risk premiums and variations in those premiums over time. Drawing on recent research, the Letter suggests modifications to these standard models in order to better explain historical levels and time variations of corporate bond spreads.
FRBSF Economic Letter

Report
Multiple ratings and credit standards: differences of opinion in the credit rating industry

This paper tests whether the tendency of third rating agencies to assign higher ratings than Moody's and Standard & Poor's results from more lenient standards or sample selection bias. More lenient standards might result from incentives to satisfy issuers who are, in fact, the purchasers of the ratings. Selection bias might be important because issuers that expect a low rating from a third agency are unlikely to request one. Our analysis of a broad sample of corporate bond ratings at year-end 1993 reveals that, although sample selection bias appears important, it explains less than half the ...
Research Paper , Paper 9527

Journal Article
Junk bonds and public policy

A discussion of the characteristics and use of speculative, low-rated bonds in debt-based financing, with comment on the policy implications of the increasing use of these instruments.
Economic Commentary , Issue Feb

Working Paper
Over-the-Counter Market Liquidity and Securities Lending

This paper studies how over-the-counter market liquidity is affected by securities lending. We combine micro-data on corporate bond market trades with securities lending transactions and individual corporate bond holdings by U.S. insurance companies. Applying a difference-in-differences empirical strategy, we show that the shutdown of AIG's securities lending program in 2008 caused a statistically and economically significant reduction in the market liquidity of corporate bonds predominantly held by AIG. We also show that an important mechanism behind the decrease in corporate bond liquidity ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2019-011

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