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Keywords:Capital investments 

Journal Article
Financing capital expenditures in Massachusetts

Spending on capital projects in Massachusetts has not contributed in any significant fashion to the states budget crisis. During the 1980s the state probably spent too little, rather than too much, on public infrastructure. The states nationwide are caught between the increased requirements of localities and decreased funding from the federal government. The Massachusetts situation is particularly troublesome. The state spent most of the 1980s embroiled in conflict with the Administration over federal funding for the Central Artery Depression! Third Harbor Tunnel project. ; The article ...
New England Economic Review , Issue Mar , Pages 52-79

Journal Article
The determinants of business investment: has capital spending been surprisingly low?

Many are worried that since 1980 capital investment by businesses has been lower than expected. Unusual circumstances, such as changes in savings patterns or in business leverage, a credit crunch, or widespread adoption of a shorter-term outlook, have been suggested as culprits. To see whether investment spending has indeed departed from its traditional determinants, this article compares capital spending during the 1980s and early 1990s with projections of spending derived from historical relationships between investment and various measures of economic activity. ; The results show that ...
New England Economic Review , Issue Jan , Pages 3-31

Journal Article
Forecasting investment with models and surveys of capital spending

The U.S. Department of Commerce regularly surveys businesses on their plans for capital investment. This article assesses the contribution that these surveys make to forecasts of business investment, once other economic variables are taken into account. The author finds that the surveys have only marginally improved forecasts since the 1970s. For short-term forecasts, the history of investment spending and output does more to reduce forecast errors than do the surveys. For forecasts of a year or more, the survey information is not as useful as that in the historical movements of various ...
New England Economic Review , Issue Mar , Pages 47-69

Investment shocks and business cycles

Shocks to the marginal efficiency of investment are the most important drivers of business cycle fluctuations in U.S. output and hours. Moreover, like a textbook demand shock, these disturbances drive prices higher in expansions. We reach these conclusions by estimating a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model with several shocks and frictions. We also find that neutral technology shocks are not negligible, but their share in the variance of output is only around 25 percent and even lower for hours. Labor supply shocks explain a large fraction of the variation of hours at very ...
Staff Reports , Paper 322

Public infrastructure investments, productivity and welfare in fixed geographic areas

Measures of the value of public investments are critical inputs into the policy process, and aggregate production and cost functions have become the dominant methods of evaluating these benefits. This paper examines the limitations of these approaches in light of applied production and spatial equilibrium theories. A spatial general equilibrium model of an economy with nontraded, localized public goods like infrastructure is proposed, and a method for identifying the role of public capital in firm production and household preferences is derived. Empirical evidence from a sample of large U.S. ...
Staff Reports , Paper 104

Journal Article
Manufacturing productivity and high-tech investment

This article examines the theoretical and statistical connections between the productivity upsurge in U.S. manufacturing in the 1980s and manufacturing investment in computers and other forms of high-tech equipment.
Quarterly Review , Volume 17 , Issue Sum

Journal Article
The shifting composition of U.S. manufactured goods trade

Finished goods are claiming an increasing share of U.S. imports, while their share of U.S. exports has remained virtually unchanged in recent years. These divergent developments may suggest some erosion of the United States' traditionally strong competitive position in the production of finished goods. The author examines the factors underlying shifts in our trade composition and the implications of recent trends for the nation's trade outlook and competitiveness.
Quarterly Review , Volume 16 , Issue Spr

Journal Article
Explaining the persistence of the U.S. trade deficit in the late 1980s

The U.S. trade deficit was twice as large a percentage of U.S. GDP in 1989 as in 1979 although the value of the dollar and the level of U.S. demand relative to foreign demand were roughly comparable in both years. This article investigates the reasons for the deficit's magnitude in the late 1980s. Particular attention is given to two prominent theories about the persistence of the deficit, one focusing on the relationship between exchange rate movements and capital stock developments and the other on shifts in the structure of U.S. trade flows.
Quarterly Review , Volume 16 , Issue Win , Pages 29-46

Journal Article
The performance of the U.S. capital goods industry: implications for trade adjustment

Quarterly Review , Volume 13 , Issue Win , Pages 69-82

Federal grants during the eighties

Federal grants policy changed significantly during the eighties. Grants to states and localities decreased as a share of GDP, the first sustained decline in aid since the forties. Restrictions on the use of federal funds were eased with the conversion of categorical matching aid programs into unconditional block grants. At the same time, aid to individuals rose at the expense of other major grants categories. Taken together, these changes in federal grants tended to decrease state and local government investment in physical and human capital. I estimate that the decline in federal grants for ...
Research Paper , Paper 9508



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