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Journal Article
The capital crunch in New England

The increase in real estate lending was a major reason for the rapid expansion of New England banks during the 1980s. When nominal real estate prices began to decline in New England, collateral became impaired and many loans stopped performing. The consequent increased provision for expected loan losses (loan loss reserves) caused a rapid deterioration in bank capital throughout the region. ; Having just lost a significant proportion of their capital, many banks tried to satisfy their capital/asset ratio requirements by shrinking their institutions. This article discusses why banks facing ...
New England Economic Review , Issue May , Pages 21-31

Journal Article
Basel Accord: amendment and proposal for principles governing on-balance-sheet netting.

Federal Reserve Bulletin , Issue Jun

A comparison of market making structures

Research Paper , Paper 8821

Working Paper
The return to capital and the business cycle

Real business cycle models have difficulty replicating the volatility of S&P 500 returns. This fact should not be surprising since real business cycle theory suggests that the return to capital should be measured by the return to aggregate market capital, not stock market returns. We construct a quarterly time series of the after-tax return to business capital. Its volatility is considerably smaller than that of S&P 500 returns. Our benchmark model captures almost 40 percent of the volatility in the return to capital (relative to the volatility of output). We consider several departures from ...
Working Papers (Old Series) , Paper 0603

Working Paper
Enduring relationships in an economy with capital

Working Papers , Paper 02-5

Working Paper
Capital Gains Taxation and Investment Dynamics

This paper quantifies the long-run effects of reducing capital gains taxes on aggregate investment. We develop a dynamic general equilibrium model with heterogeneous firms, which face discrete capital gains tax rates based on firm size. We calibrate our model by targeting micro moments and a difference-in-differences estimate of the capital stock response based on the institutional setting and policy reform in Korea. We find that the reform that reduced the capital gains tax rates for a subset of firms substantially increased investment in the short run, and capturing general equilibrium ...
Working Papers , Paper 2018-31

Working Paper
The cost of capital, the desired capital stock, and a variable investment tax credit as a stabilization tool

This study considers the potential of a variable investment tax credit to relieve the pressure of a contracyclical monetary policy on the housing and State and local government sectors.
Working Paper , Paper 73-03

Working Paper
Intangible capital and economic growth

Published macroeconomic data traditionally exclude most intangible investment from measured GDP. This situation is beginning to change, but our estimates suggest that as much as $800 billion is still excluded from U.S. published data (as of 2003), and that this leads to the exclusion of more than $3 trillion of business intangible capital stock. To assess the importance of this omission, we add intangible capital to the standard sources-of-growth framework used by the BLS, and find that the inclusion of our list of intangible assets makes a significant difference in the observed patterns of ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 2006-24

Journal Article
Workshops spotlight women's access to credit and capital issues

Financial Update , Volume 10 , Issue Jul , Pages 1-2

Working Paper
Sectoral shocks, reallocation frictions, and optimal government spending

What is the optimal policy response to a negative sectoral shock? How do frictions in goods and labor markets affect the nature and speed of the process of reallocating resources across alternative uses? Should government controlled inputs be allocated to compensate for frictions faced by the private sector or, rather, should they be deployed to complement private sector decisions? In this paper we make a first attempt to understand what features of an economy determine the answers to the previous questions. We study a model in which the drop in the private demand for structures frees up ...
Working Papers , Paper 2011-017



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