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Keywords:Bank holding companies 

Stock market reaction to financial statement certification by bank holding company CEOs

In 2002, the Securities and Exchange Commission mandated that the chief executive officers of large, publicly traded firms certify the accuracy of their company financial statements. In this paper, I investigate whether CEO certification has had a measurable effect on the stock market valuation of the forty-two bank holding companies subject to the SEC order. I find that these firms experienced a positive average abnormal return of 30 to 60 basis points on the day of certification-a result driven primarily by those BHCs that certified ahead of the SEC's deadline. Characteristics associated ...
Staff Reports , Paper 170

Are bank holding companies a source of strength to their banking subsidiaries?

I present evidence that the cross-guarantee authority granted to the FDIC by the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 has unexpectedly strengthened the Federal Reserve's source-of-strength doctrine. In particular, I find that a bank affiliated with a multi-bank holding company is significantly safer than either a stand-alone bank or a bank affiliated with a one-bank holding company. Not only does affiliation reduce the probability of future financial distress, but distressed affiliated banks are more likely to receive capital injections and recover more quickly ...
Staff Reports , Paper 189

Valuing the Treasury's Capital Assistance Program

The Capital Assistance Program (CAP) was created by the U.S. government in February 2009 to provide backup capital to large financial institutions unable to raise sufficient capital from private investors. Under the terms of the CAP, a participating bank receives contingent capital by issuing preferred shares to the Treasury combined with embedded options for both parties: the bank gets the option to redeem the shares or convert them to common equity, with conversion mandatory after seven years; the Treasury earns dividends on the preferred shares and gets warrants on the bank's common ...
Staff Reports , Paper 413

Journal Article
Banking and commerce: a dangerous liaison?

Business Review , Issue May , Pages 17-29

Journal Article
Banking reform: an overview of the restructuring debate

Business Review , Issue Jul , Pages 3-14

Working Paper
Comparing market and supervisory assessments of bank performance: who knows what when?

We compare the timeliness and accuracy of government supervisors versus market participants in assessing the condition of large U.S. bank holding companies. We find that supervisors and bond rating agencies both have some prior information that is useful to the other. In contrast, supervisory assessments and equity market indicators are not strongly interrelated. We also find that supervisory assessments are much less accurate overall than both bond and equity market assessments in predicting future changes in performance, but supervisors may be more accurate when inspections are recent. To ...
Finance and Economics Discussion Series , Paper 1998-32

Journal Article
Have multibank holding companies affected commercial bank performance?

Review , Volume 60 , Issue Apr , Pages 8-15

Working Paper
The Financial Modernization Act: evolution or revolution?

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) removed the barriers that separated commercial banking from investment banking, merchant banking, and insurance activities. Did this legislation revolutionize the financial services industry by allowing Financial Holding Companies (FHCs) to exploit revenue efficiencies and cost economies, or did it merely formalize an evolutionary process of deregulation that was already well underway? Our evidence refutes the notion that the GLBA was a revolutionary event, at least in the short run. Using a combination of market and accounting data, we find that, to date, ...
Supervisory Policy Analysis Working Papers , Paper 2004-05

Discussion Paper
Same Name, New Businesses: Evolution in the Bank Holding Company

When we think of banks, we typically have in mind our local bank branch that stores deposits and issues mortgages or business loans. Prima facie there is nothing wrong with this image. After all, there are still almost 6,000 unique commercial banks in the United States that specialize in deposit-taking and loan-making; when we include thrifts and credit unions, this number more than doubles. What we typically forget, however, is that most commercial banks are subsidiaries of larger bank holding companies (BHCs), and in fact nearly all commercial bank assets fall under such BHCs. This post ...
Liberty Street Economics , Paper 20150928

Working Paper
Commercial bank lending to agriculture: a comparison of rural independent banks and holding company subsidiaries

Working Papers , Paper 1986-005



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