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Keywords:Bank failures 

Journal Article
Too big to fail : origins, consequences, and outlook

The policy of too big to fail arose in part from pressures created by the lack of satisfactory bankruptcy arrangements for banks. It prevented market forces from closing banks and protected all uninsured depositors of large banks from loss in the event of failure. The consequent risk-taking behavior of banks produced the systemic instability in banking that the policy was designed to prevent. It is debatable how the Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 1991 will affect the timing of bank closures, the risk-taking behavior of banks, and the contraction of the banking industry.
Economic Review , Volume 77 , Issue Nov , Pages 3-15

Journal Article
The future of deposit insurance: an analysis of the alternatives

Deposit insurance, while reducing the threat of bank runs, also lessens bankers incentives to control risks. Reforms of the deposit insurance system are necessary to discourage excessive risk taking such as characterized the recent S&L crisis. The adoption of market value accounting, early closing of failed banks, and exposing uninsured depositors and creditors to lossesall would give bankers less incentives to take excessive risks with insured deposits.
Economic Review , Volume 75 , Issue May , Pages 3-15

A triggering mechanism of economy-wide bank runs

Research Paper , Paper 9102

Bank failure contagion in historical perspective

Research Paper , Paper 9103

The causes of bank failures in the 1980s

Research Paper , Paper 9325

The U.S. financial system: where we have been, where we are and where we need to go

Remarks at the Reserve Bank of Australia's 50th Anniversary Symposium, Sydney, Australia.
Speech , Paper 12

Ending too big to fail

Remarks at the Global Economic Policy Forum, New York City.
Speech , Paper 123

Lessons of the crisis: the implications for regulatory reform

Remarks at the Partnership for New York City Discussion, New York City.
Speech , Paper 10

Financial market turmoil: the Federal Reserve and the challenges ahead

Remarks at the Council on Foreign Relations Corporate Conference 2009, New York City.
Speech , Paper 14

Working Paper
Regulation and bank failures: new evidence from the agricultural collapse of the 1920's

This article examines the contribution of government policies to the high number of bank failures in the United States during the l920s. I consider the state of Kansas, which had a system of voluntary deposit insurance and where branch banking was strictly prohibited, and find that bank failure rates were highest in counties suffering the greatest agricultural distress and where deposit insurance system membership was the highest. The evidence for Kansas illustrates how prohibitions on branch banking caused unit banks to be especially susceptible to local economic shocks, and suggests that, ...
Working Papers , Paper 1991-006



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Kaufman, George G. 22 items

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