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Saving the family farm, but from what?
Off-farm labor supply and fertilizer use
I develop a two-period stochastic dynamic programming model to explain the interaction between fertilizer use and off-farm labor supply. Using a well-known sample of Indian farmers, I find that fertilizer use responds strongly to the village wage and that irrigation raises fertilizer use, while larger farmers use less fertilizer (per acre) than smaller ones. Response to one-sided production shocks, is stronger for female labor, indicating that it is more important for smoothing consumption than male labor.
Rolling the ICE dice
Immigrant workers play a key role in district labor markets, and employers and workers alike walk a legal tightrope.