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Series:FEDS Notes 

Discussion Paper
The Expected Real Interest Rate in the Long Run : Time Series Evidence with the Effective Lower Bound

In response to the global financial crisis, the Federal Open Market Committee lowered the target for the federal funds rate to a range of 0 to 25 basis points in December 2008, and maintained that target range until the end of 2015. Over that same period, longer-term interest rates in the United States were at historically low levels.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2016-02-09

Discussion Paper
Quantifying the COVID-19 Effects on Core PCE Price Inflation

The 12-month change in core PCE price inflation was 1.5 percent in December. Why was core inflation so low in 2020? How much of this weakness can be attributed to the COVID pandemic? And what does this mean for inflation going forward?
FEDS Notes , Paper 2021-02-25

Discussion Paper
Money in the Bank? Assessing Families' Liquid Savings using the Survey of Consumer Finances

We estimate that sixty percent of American families have liquid savings of less than three months of their own expenses, and nearly one-quarter have less than $400. In this Note we use data from the Federal Reserve Board's triennial Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) to directly assess American families' liquid savings.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2018-11-19

Discussion Paper
Banks' Backtesting Exceptions during the COVID-19 Crash: Causes and Consequences

Banks' numerous and simultaneous backtesting exceptions in March 2020, during the COVID-19-related market crash, would have amplified their already-large spike in market risk capital requirements in the absence of regulatory intervention. This note provides background on how backtesting exceptions affect capital requirements generally, the source of those exceptions during the COVID-19 crash, and how regulators exercised discretion to mitigate the unintended capital increase.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2021-07-08-2

Discussion Paper
Macroeconomic Sources of Recent Interest Rate Fluctuations

The authors use a new statistical method to attribute daily changes in U.S. Treasury yields and inflation compensation to changes in investor beliefs about domestic and foreign growth, inflation, and monetary policy.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2016-06-02

Discussion Paper
The Liquidity Coverage Ratio and Corporate Liquidity Management

This note examines the changes in the liquidity management at banks and nonbank financial firms in the United States that occurred following the proposal of the liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) requirement in 2010 and its finalization in 2014.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2020-02-26

Discussion Paper
How the Federal Reserve's Central Bank Swap Lines Have Supported U.S. Corporate Borrowers in the Leveraged Loan Market

The cost of borrowing U.S. dollars through foreign exchange (FX) swap markets increased significantly in the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic in February 2020, indicated by larger deviations from Covered Interest Rate Parity (CIP). CIP deviations narrowed again when the Federal Reserve expanded its swap lines to support U.S. dollar liquidity globally—by enhancing and extending its swap facility with foreign central banks and introducing the new temporary Foreign and International Monetary Authorities (FIMA) repurchase agreement facility.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2020-11-12-2

Discussion Paper
Demand for Voluntary Balance Requirements: The U.S. Experience with Contractual Clearing Balances from 2000 to 2007

In this note, we explore the factors contributing to bank demand for contractual clearing balances from 2000 to 2007.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2017-01-04

Discussion Paper
Federal Debt in the Financial Accounts of the United States

This note explains the concept of federal debt in the Financial Accounts of the United States, how it has recently changed, and how it differs from other commonly cited measures of federal debt. As described below, a key factor is the treatment of intragovernmental holdings of U.S. debt securities.
FEDS Notes , Paper 2015-10-08-1

Discussion Paper
Spatial Variation in the 2020 Housing Market Decline and Recovery

After plunging in the spring due to the COVID-19 pandemic, residential investment had a strong recovery in the second half of 2020. The initial decline resulted from both a disruption in activity due to social distancing, a broad-based drop in demand from economic uncertainty, and reduced access to credit (DeSanctis 2020).
FEDS Notes , Paper 2021-05-24-2



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Tito, Maria D. 12 items

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