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Series:Economic Letter  Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas 

Journal Article
China’s Capital Controls Appear to Arrest Flight, Stabilize Currency

China?s yuan and balance of payments appear to have stabilized by early 2017. Controls on capital outflows may have been a key factor that averted a full-blown financial crisis in the country.
Economic Letter , Volume 12 , Issue 12 , Pages 1-4

Journal Article
Corporate Tax Reform: Potential Gains at a Price to Some

Corporate tax reform has become a high-profile issue amid fears that firms are increasingly taking their headquarters and production facilities offshore and booking profits abroad. Adjustments to the tax system can help address these factors, though not without potentially introducing new issues.
Economic Letter , Volume 12 , Issue 6 , Pages 1-4

Journal Article
Upstream capital flows: why emerging markets send savings to advanced economies

Emerging market economic growth during the global recovery has exceeded performance in advanced economies. This differential has triggered a rush of private capital inflows to the emerging markets from investors seeking to maximize returns. While capital flows typically benefit receiving economies, sudden surges or stops may pose challenges for economic development.[1] The recent revival of private inflows has put pressure on prices and currencies of some emerging economies, leading them to impose capital controls. Moreover, some observers have argued that accommodative monetary policies in ...
Economic Letter , Volume 6

Journal Article
Inflation measurement gives us food for thought

Global food prices are soaring. Since February 2009, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization world food price index has risen roughly 67 percent, surpassing the previous peak in June 2008 (Chart 1). The last food price surge, from early 2007 to mid-2008, prompted riots in many countries; the latest rise has also fueled riots and may have been a factor in political unrest sweeping through North Africa and the Middle East.
Economic Letter , Volume 6

Journal Article
Bank Asset Concentration Not Necessarily Cause for Worry

U.S. banking assets have become substantially more concentrated within a few large institutions. However, decreasing relative rates of big-bank growth and of idiosyncratic volatility?an indicator of individual bank susceptibility to shocks and a resulting redistribution of assets?suggest a reduction in systemic financial system risk through contagion.
Economic Letter , Volume 12 , Issue 7 , Pages 1-4

Journal Article
Real-time Data Inaccuracies Pose Challenges to Gauging the Oil Market

Initial estimates of global oil market balance, or the implied change in global inventories, are frequently used to identify supply shortages or surpluses. These have important implications for future oil prices. Initial inventory data undergo various revisions, which may contribute to inefficiencies in oil pricing.
Economic Letter , Volume 12 , Issue 13 , Pages 1-4

Journal Article
Relating commodity prices to underlying inflation: the role of expectations

Temporary supply factors may boost some commodity prices?a drought in the Midwest can jolt food costs, or a conflict in the Middle East might propel oil higher. These, in turn, can increase the overall consumer price index (CPI) and the headline inflation rate. ; Because central bank anti-inflation measures sometimes take a long time to affect prices, policymakers don?t necessarily react to short-term fluctuations in headline inflation (an overall rate that?s not seasonally adjusted). In fact, the mandate of many inflation-targeting central banks is to aim to keep headline inflation at a ...
Economic Letter , Volume 6

Journal Article
Falling off the fiscal cliff

Some suggest the best alternative strategy may be to combine short-term spending with longer-term fiscal consolidation?though such a strategy may be easier said than done.
Economic Letter , Volume 7

Journal Article
The rise and fall of subprime mortgages

After booming the first half of this decade, U.S. housing activity has retrenched sharply. Single-family building permits have plunged 52 percent and existing-home sales have declined 30 percent since their September 2005 peaks. ; A rise in mortgage interest rates that began in the summer of 2005 contributed to the housing market's initial weakness. By late 2006, though, some signs pointed to renewed stability. They proved short-lived as loan-quality problems sparked a tightening of credit standards on mortgages, particularly for newer and riskier products. As lenders cut back, housing ...
Economic Letter , Volume 2

Journal Article
A short history of FOMC communication

Federal Open Market Committee communications have changed radically over the past two decades.
Economic Letter , Volume 8

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