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Series:Economic Commentary 

Journal Article
What’s really going on in housing markets?

Most of the public concern about housing markets is based on claims that house prices have increased at historically anomalous rates and that house prices have outpaced incomes. The first claim is based on inaccurate historical data. The second is linked to relaxed credit constraints. House prices are likely to fall further, but not for the reasons usually proposed.
Economic Commentary , Issue Jul

Journal Article
Federal credit and insurance programs: beyond the deficit diversion

An examination of the budgetary and economic effects of federal credit and insurance programs, highlighting the problems inherent in making federal budget deficits the centerpiece of fiscal decisionmaking.
Economic Commentary , Issue Nov

Journal Article
Combining bank supervision and monetary policy

In the United States, the Federal Reserve has responsibility for both monetary policy and bank supervision. Other countries separate these functions to varying degrees. What lies behind this global diversity? Should a central bank be charged with conducting monetary policy and regulating banks, or does it make more sense ? both economic and political ? to keep these activities separate? The answer is not a simple yes or no. Rather, it appears that the right choice depends on a country?s prevailing conditions, including its financial system, its political environment, and the preferences of ...
Economic Commentary , Issue Nov

Journal Article
Price stability: is a tough central bank enough?

What is the best way to achieve price stability? Conventional wisdom says that a tough, independent central bank is all that is necessary. However, a new view?the fiscal theory of the price level?argues that an appropriate fiscal policy is also required, no matter how tough the central bank may be. The choice of the fiscal theory versus the conventional view has significant implications for the way central banks do business.
Economic Commentary , Issue Aug

Journal Article
Open and operating: providing liquidity to avoid a crisis

The terrorist attacks of 9/11 triggered a staggering increase in demand for U.S. dollars all over the world, a demand that threatened to disrupt the American payments system but was met swiftly and successfully by the Federal Reserve. Earlier in the nation?s history, the system didn?t respond so well to severe shocks. This Commentary describes financial crises that occurred during one period in which the country had no central bank.
Economic Commentary , Issue Feb

Journal Article
Stripdowns and bankruptcy: lessons from agricultural bankruptcy reform

One type of financial reform being proposed to deal with the aftermath of the housing crisis is allowing bankruptcy judges the authority to modify residential mortgages in a way referred to as a stripdown. The reform is seen by some as a partial solution to the rise in foreclosures and as a Pandora?s box by others. But the debate is not new one. The 1980s farm foreclosure crisis sparked similar proposals and concerns. Congress decided to enact legislation that contained a stripdown provision, resulting in the creation of Chapter 12 in the bankruptcy code. The effects of Chapter 12 stripdown ...
Economic Commentary , Issue Aug

Journal Article
Are the New Basel III Capital Buffers Countercyclical? Exploring the Option of a Rule-Based Countercyclical Buffer

Countercyclical capital regulation can reduce the procyclicality of the banking system and dampen aggregate economic fluctuations. I describe two new capital buffers introduced in Basel III and discuss why their countercyclical effects may be small. If over time regulators want to increase the degree of countercyclicality of capital regulation, they might consider adopting a rule-based countercyclical buffer, that is, a buffer that is automatically lowered during recessions according to a rule. I present a conservative example of such a rule and its effects on capital requirements over the ...
Economic Commentary , Volume 2018 , Issue 03 , Pages 6

Journal Article
The functions and future of retail banking

A look at the future of the retail banking industry by the president of the Cleveland Federal Reserve Bank. President Jordan explains that as technology and deregulation transform the financial marketplace, it will be critical to understand the services that people desire and to explore banks' comparative advantages in supplying them.
Economic Commentary , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Racial Inequality, Neighborhood Effects, and Moving to Opportunity

Moving to Opportunity (MTO) was a housing mobility program designed to investigate neighborhood effects, the influences of the social and physical environment on human development and well-being. Some of the results from MTO have been interpreted as evidence that neighborhood effects are not as strong as earlier evidence had indicated. This Commentary discusses new research suggesting that neighborhood effects are, on the contrary, as strong and policy relevant as suspected before the experiment. This Commentary also discusses why the interpretation of the MTO data is important: If ...
Economic Commentary , Issue October

Journal Article
Skepticism about the direction of inflation: causes, costs and cures

A discussion of Americans' skepticism about the government's ability to keep inflation in check, emphasizing the real economic costs of this attitude entails and the ways in which Congress, the Federal Reserve, and the White House can help.
Economic Commentary , Issue Dec

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Humpage, Owen F. 48 items

Bryan, Michael F. 34 items

Carlson, John B. 34 items

Haubrich, Joseph G. 34 items

Thomson, James B. 34 items

Carlstrom, Charles T. 31 items

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Monetary policy 89 items

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