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Series:Current Issues in Economics and Finance  Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of New York 

Journal Article
Explaining the recent divergence in payroll and household employment growth

Each month, the government releases two estimates of U.S. employment growth - one based on a survey of firms, the other on a survey of households. Since 1994, these measures have diverged sharply. Evidence suggests that the household survey's estimate has risen more slowly because it undercounts working-age adults who have found employment during the current economic expansion.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 5 , Issue Dec

Journal Article
ATM surcharges

The recent spread of ATM surcharges has sparked significant debate among consumers, policymakers, and ATM owners. Much of this debate has focused on the direct costs that surcharges impose on consumers. The use of ATM surcharges, however, also raises broader questions about ATM deployment, customer convenience, and the nature of banking competition.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 4 , Issue Apr

Journal Article
To buy or not to buy? The changing relationship between Manhattan rents and home prices

Much of the nation has experienced steep declines in housing prices in recent years. In Manhattan, however, apartment sales prices did not fall as sharply. A study of price-rent ratios in the New York City borough concludes that, while apartment rents are driven by supply and demand forces, apartment sales prices are driven in part by speculative factors, and they sometimes rise or fall to levels incommensurate with prevailing rents. Manhattan price-rent ratios, although off their 2008 highs, are still up dramatically over the past two decades, suggesting less financial ?value? today in an ...
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 18 , Issue Dec

Journal Article
The Federal Reserve's foreign exchange swap lines

The financial crisis that began in August 2007 disrupted U.S. dollar funding markets not only in the United States but also overseas. To address funding pressures internationally, the Federal Reserve introduced a system of reciprocal currency arrangements, or "swap lines," with other central banks. The swap line program, which ended early this year, enhanced the ability of these central banks to provide U.S. dollar funding to financial institutions in their jurisdictions.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 16 , Issue Apr

Journal Article
Intraday trading in the overnight federal funds market

Transaction-level data for the federal funds market provide a rare look at the intraday behavior of trade volume and prices. An analysis of the data reveals that trade volume exhibits large swings over the course of the day while prices remain fairly stable, with rate volatility rising sharply only in the late afternoon. The analysis underscores the important role played by institutional deadlines-most notably, the close of trading-in driving movements in this market.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 11 , Issue Nov

Journal Article
Social security and the consumer price index for the elderly

Some argue that social security benefits should be adjusted using a price index that reflects the spending habits of the elderly rather than those of workers. This study suggests that if such an index were adopted today, over the next forty years benefit levels would increase and the social security trust fund could become insolvent up to five years sooner than projected.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 9 , Issue May

Journal Article
A nation of spendthrifts? An analysis of trends in personal and gross saving

The steep drop in the U.S. personal saving rate over the last decade has fueled speculation that Americans are spending recklessly. But alternative measures of personal saving show that households are actually setting aside a larger share of their resources than the official figures suggest. In addition, government saving has risen markedly, leading to an increase in overall domestic saving that has helped finance a surge in U.S. investment.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 6 , Issue Sep

Journal Article
Credit risk in Japan's corporate bond market

From the fall of 1997 to the spring of 1999, yield spreads in Japan's corporate bond market increased sharply. An analysis of this rapid rise suggests that Japanese investors in corporate bonds may be paying closer attention to the credit risk of individual issuers. Such a shift in investor focus would represent a major change in the structure of this market.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 5 , Issue Nov

Journal Article
Foreign ownership of U.S. Treasury securities: what the data show and do not show

The Treasury Department makes available to the public considerable information about foreign holdings of its securities. Nevertheless, it is not possible to determine from the published data exactly which foreigners own U.S. Treasury debt and how much of this debt is in foreign hands.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 4 , Issue May

Journal Article
Free versus fair trade: the dumping issue

Trade liberalization has had little effect on the use of antidumping tariffs - tariffs imposed on imports judged by a government to be unfairly priced. As more countries resort to such tariffs, questions arise about the merits of this form of trade protection, particularly when other remedies are available to industries hurt by import competition.
Current Issues in Economics and Finance , Volume 4 , Issue Aug




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