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Series:Community Development Investment Review  Bank:Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco 

Journal Article
Financing rural innovation with community development venture capital: models, options and obstacles

Growing local companies is essential to the economic prosperity for many rural regions and residents. Rural economies, however, rarely attract traditional venture capital. Given the important role that patient capital plays in entrepreneurial development, the future economic vitality of rural communities rests, at least in part, on their ability to access such capital. Community development venture capital (CDVC) is a particularly adept model for overcoming the structural obstacles that rural geographies present for venture capital investors. Rubin explores some of the obstacles this model ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 3 , Pages 15-27

Journal Article
Learning social metrics from international development

The goal of community development should be to improve the lives of as many disadvantaged people as possible with a minimum amount of resources. The field can achieve this goal by identifying those community development projects that are both efficient and have significant social impacts, and then scaling up. However, without effective evaluations, it is impossible to gauge progress. Effective evaluations include randomized experiments and well-designed observational studies, both of which can measure the impact to society. This article analyzes the best evaluation methods in international ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 01 , Pages 071-113

Journal Article
Assessing a set of indicators for creative placemaking: reflections from the field

Identifying indicators that measure the impact of creative placemaking is difficult because creative placemaking efforts often have multiple and varying goals, such as increasing employment, reducing crime, and attracting or retaining residents. Community context also affects the appropriateness of particular indicators. For example, crime rates may not be considered particularly useful as indicators for communities that generally have little crime. Thus, multiple indicators are needed. In addition, considerable debate exists among arts researchers and practitioners about which indicators are ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 02 , Pages 049-055

Journal Article
How Collaboration Drives Community Development Innovation in Los Angeles

This essay explores how the City of Los Angeles embraced collaboration in the face of major cuts to funding for affordable housing. Leveraging the themes of What Works, the City sought new partners and opportunities for better alignment to improve multiple aspects of the affordable housing system, from financing and transit-oriented development to the use of public lands and formation of a housing research library.
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 021-025

Journal Article
Hunting for data sources: how improving data can increase capital for emerging domestic markets

The data on emerging domestic markets are fragmented, non-standardized, and not widely accessible. One way to remedy this information gap would be to create a ?data consortium? that leverages existing resources and uses them to build an integrated database. Increasing the amount and quality of data available on EDM firms would provide opportunities for improved analysis, policymaking, capital flow, and product development.
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 2 , Pages 16-33

Journal Article
Learning from the past: the asset disposition experiences of the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation, The Resolution Trust Corporation, and the Asset Control Area Program

While there is little to celebrate in the current foreclosure disaster, one potential silver lining in the large number of bank-owned properties is the opportunity to turn those properties into community assets. A May 2008 conference hosted by the Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy at New York University and sponsored by the Ford Foundation brought together policy experts and practitioners to share best practices for ?Transforming Foreclosed Properties into Community Assets.? Most of the discussion focused on what can be done by partners working together at the local level. The ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 43-52

Journal Article
Case study: Selling affordable housing loans in the secondary market

The California Community Reinvestment Corporation (CCRC) is a nonprofit Community Development Financial Institution (CDFI) formed by a consortium of California commercial banks in 1989 to provide permanent mortgages for affordable housing projects. Historically, CCRC has funded its mortgage program through a credit line provided by its fifty member banks, but it has bumped up against its credit limit as it has increased loan production. One solution to this problem has been selling loans to free up credit-line availability for new loans. CCRC had bad experiences with early efforts to sell ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 49-55

Journal Article
What would Google do? designing appropriate social impact measurement systems

Community Development Investment Review , Issue 02 , Pages 43-47

Journal Article
Who’s counting? Measuring social outcomes from targeted private equity

The potential of private equity investment in emerging domestic markets to deliver strong financial returns while also giving rise to public benefits has drawn the attention of both venture and economic development capital, as well as policymakers and researchers. Ratcliffe examines this strategy and shares some real world examples of how funds are performing in their double-bottom line objectives.
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 1 , Pages 23-37

Journal Article
Utilities and community developers partner to improve the energy efficiency of affordable rental housing nationwide

Improving the energy efficiency in homes is an important strategy for reducing poverty?s impact on low-income families. Low-income individuals and families spend a disproportionate share of their income on utility bills, and energy costs are one of the highest operating expenses in residential housing. Correspondingly, the benefits of efficiency investments in low-income housing include higher net discretionary income for poor households, a more stable affordable housing stock, and healthier living environments. These outcomes directly affect the quality of life of disadvantaged families as ...
Community Development Investment Review , Issue 01 , Pages 043-052




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Choi, Laura 5 items

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Erickson, David J. 3 items

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